Substance Use Disorder Counseling: How To Know If It’s Time To Get Help

By Sarah Fader |Updated June 23, 2022
CheckedMedically Reviewed By Tiffany Howard, LPC, LCADC

Substance-Related And Addictive Disorders is a category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) that encompasses a number of different disorders, including alcohol use disorder (also known as alcohol addiction) and opioid use disorder. Substance use disorders (SUDs) are not a choice, but recovery is possible, and various research-supported treatment options and treatment centers are available. Often, underlying concerns and comorbid conditions, like anxiety disorders, environment, family history, and trauma, play a role in developing or affecting a person living with a substance use disorder.

Substance use disorders can affect all areas of a person’s life, including social relationships, family and love life, work, education, physical health, and mental health. The good news is that recovery is possible, and there is help for those living with substance-related and other addictive disorders.

You’re also not alone. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, more than 40 million Americans lived with an SUD in 2020, including 14.5 million who lived with alcohol use disorders.

If you’re considering support for a substance use disorder, you’re likely well aware of the ways that it impacts or could impact your life. So, how do you know if it’s time to get help for substance abuse?

Potential Substance Use Disorder Symptoms

Everyone experiences symptoms differently. Understanding the possible symptoms of a substance use disorder may help you identify if you need care.

Here are some potential symptoms and signs of substance use disorders:

  • Difficulty cutting down on or quitting a substance despite wanting to do so.
  • Changes in performance at work or school.
  • Withdrawal symptoms upon attempting to discontinue the use of a substance.
  • Personality changes, such as secretiveness, irritability, or agitation.
  • Changes in sleep patterns (IE, difficulty sleeping, or oversleeping).
  • Mood swings.
  • Outwardly visible symptoms, such as trembling or shaking, bloodshot eyes, and difficulty with personal hygiene.
  • Slurred speech.
  • Unexplained financial problems or needs due to spending money on substances.
  • Legal problems related to the use of substances.
  • Social changes due to the use of substances (IE, social isolation, or changing friend groups and hangout spots based on access to substances).
  • Difficulty or problems in interpersonal relationships related to the use of substances.
  • Cravings for the substance.

The truth is that it’s never too soon to ask for help or start the recovery process. If you notice these symptoms in yourself, it may be time to reach out and ask for help.

Addiction Treatment Options For Substance Use Disorders

There are several different treatments available for substance use disorders, and combined approaches are used frequently. Some people go to detox first to prepare themselves for treatment. Detox is there to help you discontinue the use of substances safely. After detox, a person may enter residential or inpatient treatment, followed by outpatient treatment and ongoing support groups or therapy.

Therapies

Some common complementary therapies to used effectively treat addiction include:

  • Motivational interviewing (MI) — Also known as Motivational Enhancement Therapy, MI is a counseling approach that seeks to alleviate any doubts an addicted person may have about pursuing therapy. It’s listed as an evidence-based therapy by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
  • Family therapy — Family therapy seeks to involve all the family members of the addicted person, with the idea that reducing any family conflict may help treat the person’s alcohol or drug addiction.
  • The Matrix Model —The Matrix Model combines the principles behind various therapeutic techniques, such as CBT, MI, and CM, implementing them in a mixture of individual and group therapy sessions. It’s especially useful for treatment of alcohol abuse.
  • Step Facilitation Therapy —STP is a type of behavioral therapy intended to promote engagement with 12-step programs.
  • Contingency Management — Contingency management is a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy. It involves using tangible rewards to incentivize treatment engagement on the part of the patient. These rewards may involve gift vouchers or small cash prizes in exchange for meeting small and achievable treatment milestones (ex: attending sessions every day for a month). It’s been successfully used to treat opioid use disorder.
  • Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) — Another form of behavioral therapy, REBT aims to replace irrational or limiting beliefs with more positive thought patterns. It’s an effective treatment for a large variety of co-occurring disorders, such as depression, anxiety, as well as various phobias and sleep issues.

In treatment, you often learn about and create a plan for relapse prevention, work on problem-solving skills and interpersonal relationships, address any legal or social issues that may be prevalent, address comorbid or co-occurring concerns and conditions, and more. There is no shame in seeking care, and it is important to destigmatize substance use disorders so that more people can get the life-saving support they need.

Addressing Co-Occurring Concerns In Treatment For SUDs

Addressing co-occurring or comorbid concerns is often a vital part of treatment for substance use disorders.

Common comorbidities seen in those living with substance use disorders may include:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It said that roughly half of those living with a substance use disorder meet post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD criteria.
  • Eating disorders*. People with eating disorders are five times more likely to live with a substance use disorder when compared to the rest of the general population.
  • Anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders are a significant risk factor for the development of a substance use disorder, especially alcohol abuse.
  • Almost a third of those living with major depressive disorder or MDD meet the criteria for a substance use disorder. Substance use can also pair with other types of depression, like persistent depressive disorder.
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). People with ADHD are more likely to live with a substance use disorder when compared to those without ADHD.

Other conditions can play a role in the development of substance use disorders for some people. In cases like these, addressing other concerns is often highly beneficial and is an important part of treatment for substance use disorders. Other risk factors, like environment, may also be addressed in treatment. When a person receives care that acknowledges their needs as a whole person and does not shy away from the role the substance may play in a person’s life, it means that a person can speak openly about their experiences, find healthy coping mechanisms to use when triggers arise, learn how to advocate for themselves, and gain other skills that may be beneficial for them as a unique person in recovery.

*If you or someone you know is living with an eating disorder or might be, please contact the National Eating Disorder Association Helpline at 1-800-931-2237.

How Substance Use Disorder Counseling Can Help

If you’re considering substance use disorder counseling, you might wonder how it works, what it will be like, or what the benefits of treatment might be.

Counseling for a substance use disorder can help you:

  • Name and navigate triggers

Learning to name and navigate triggers is often a crucial part of relapse prevention. Your triggers might be specific feelings, specific situations (such as situations where you may be in the same room as or get offered a particular substance), or something else. Once your name or identify your triggers, you will likely make a plan for how you can navigate them, helping you engage in more rational thinking. This might be turning to a support system, leaving the room or event, finding ways to cope after the fact, or something else.

  • Work on life goals

A big part of counseling or treatment for substance use disorders is thinking about what you want your future to look like. This could include learning skills that’ll help you build and maintain healthy friendships, job or work-related skills and goals, and implementing positive daily routines into your life.

  • Challenge negative thoughts

It’s very common to experience depression, negative thoughts, and other challenges when new to sobriety. Learning to challenge negative thoughts effectively is something that we can all benefit from, and in time, your general thought patterns can become more positive and balanced if this is something you’re working on.

  • Improve your overall mental health

Because mental illness often coincides with substance abuse, one of the key principles of substance use counseling is addressing mental health holistically. In other words, most often, you will address everything – or most things – that is impacting your mental health rather than the substance use disorder diagnosis and the behaviors that might come with it alone. Many patients learn coping skills, communication skills, and so on that positively impact their lives and well-being overall.

  • Find solidarity and fight stigma

You will likely come to find a sense of solidarity in substance use disorder counseling or treatment. Whether that is from the healthcare professionals you work with, members of a support group, a sponsor, or someone else, finding people who take away the stigma of substance use disorders and provide solidarity for your recovery is something everyone who gets care deserves.

That said, this is by no means an extensive list. Counseling for a substance use disorder can help you in many different ways, and it is the start of what truly feels like a new life for many people.

Where To Find Substance Use Disorder Treatment Or Counseling

What if you want treatment but aren’t sure where to find it?

Here are some ways to find care:

  • Ask a professional. You can ask a general doctor for treatment information or ask a counselor, therapist, social worker, or psychiatrist you already work with.
  • Use a treatment locator such as https://findtreatment.gov.
  • Call a resource hotline such as the 211 hotlines. 211 is available in most areas in the United States. Dial “211” using any landline or cell phone, and you’ll be connected with an operator.

If you have health insurance, you can also contact your health insurance company directly to see what treatment resources they cover.

Loved Ones And Substance Use Disorders

If you live with a substance use disorder and want to show someone in your life how to support or better understand what you’re going through, you may send online resources and other sources of information their way. Substance use disorder treatment often encourages the involvement of loved ones.

Alternatively, if you’re the loved one of a person with a substance use disorder, you may want to find support for yourself. There are many support groups for loved ones of those with substance use disorders, including family members and romantic partners. One common example is Al-Anon. Unlike other support groups like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Al-Anon involves the family members of addicted people meeting to discuss the challenges they’ve faced during their loved one’s drug addiction treatment journey.

Individual therapy with a licensed mental health professional may also be advantageous if you are the loved one of someone living with a substance use disorder. It can be challenging to watch someone you care about face a substance use disorder or another similar condition. Among the many other reasons people might seek therapy, therapy is a safe space to talk about your feelings and help you cope with or manage stress when times are hard. In time, you can learn to replace the negative habits and thought patterns that lead to substance abuse with more positive behaviors.

To find a therapist or counselor, you can get in contact with your doctor or insurance company, search the web for someone in your area, or sign up for a platform that offers remote therapy like BetterHelp. Make sure to find one that is licensed or has a master’s degree in their field.

Whether you have a loved one with a substance use disorder or want to talk about something else that’s on your mind, seeing a mental health professional can support you in finding clarity and confidence as you move forward.

 

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