Emotional trauma may occur when an individual experiences or witnesses abuse, or a terrible or horrific event. In many cases, emotional trauma can impact a person in undesirable ways if it's not dealt with in a healthy manner. We cover what trauma is, what may cause emotional trauma, and the best ways to work through it.
A Closer Look At Emotional Trauma
The American Psychological Association explains the many impacts that trauma can have on a human being. Initially, a person may feel shocked or in denial as they come to accept what happened. Experiencing trauma may trigger anxiety, overwhelm, or grief. A person may find themselves thinking and acting differently, and having more conflict in their relationships. Physical signs of stress, such as headaches, chest pain, and nausea, may begin.
Most people recover from trauma and regain emotional well-being, but some develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD usually begins in the months after a traumatic event. Symptoms last at least a month and are severe enough to interfere with a person's work, relationships, or other aspects of daily life. People with PTSD may have flashbacks of the event, recurring nightmares, distressing thoughts, or physical signs of stress. They may also avoid anything reminding them of the traumatic event.
What Causes Emotional Trauma?
Many different types of events can cause emotional trauma. We explore some of these below.
Experiencing or witnessing violence is traumatic for many people. Violent traumatic events may include engaging in combat as a military member, being a victim of a random act of violence, witnessing a terrorist attack, or experiencing sexual assault. After experiencing or witnessing violence, a person may continue to feel afraid, even though they aren't still in danger.
Abandonment can trigger emotional trauma, particularly if the individual has an intimate relationship with the person who abandoned them. Abandonment during childhood might be especially likely to lead to emotional trauma, as it can be an adverse childhood experience (ACE). Abandonment may refer to a loved one choosing to leave, or involuntarily leaving, such as by dying or being imprisoned.
People who have felt abandoned may develop a fear of being abandoned again in the future, or even mental health disorders.
Abuse occurs when one person exerts power over another in a way that causes harm. Abuse can happen among partners in a romantic relationship, among a parent and child, or in another type of relationship. Abuse may be inflicted through physical violence, or it may predominantly happen verbally or through emotional manipulation.
When a person is abused, they often feel vulnerable, helpless, and unsure of how to respond. Many people wonder if they did something to provoke the abuse or mistreatment. An abuser may take advantage of this line of thinking and blame the person they are abusing. However, experiencing abuse is never the fault of the person who was abused.
Natural Disasters And Accidents
Natural disasters include tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, wildfires, landslides, and more. Often, natural disasters are sudden, unexpected, and cause great damage to people and property. Although not caused by nature, accidents, such as car crashes or other unexpected physical accidents, feel similar to being involved in or witnessing a natural disaster.
Even if a person is not personally injured in a disaster or accident, they may experience trauma from witnessing it. Seeing a disaster or accident can feel overwhelming and frightening, and people often need to find healthy ways to work through these feelings.
Working Through Emotional Trauma
Emotional trauma presents a significant challenge, but that doesn’t mean it's impossible to work through or overcome. The process of recovering from trauma can take time, and each individual may develop their own way of working through past experiences that were upsetting or traumatic. That said, there are common ways of dealing with emotional trauma that can help with the recovery process.
Employ Healthy Coping Mechanisms
Practicing healthy coping mechanisms may help a person move through trauma. Ideally, these mechanisms should be constructive and promote a better quality of life. For example, exercising, spending time in nature, taking a recreational class, talking to friends, or engaging in a new artistic hobby may help calm a person who's undergone trauma.
By contrast, consuming drugs or alcohol or engaging in other destructive behaviors won't help a person move through trauma as well as healthy coping mechanisms will. Consuming unhealthy substances can even worsen the symptoms of trauma.
Don't Rush Yourself
Trauma doesn't feel good, and many people want to get over their trauma quickly. However, the timeline of healing cannot be forced. Everyone works through past hurts and deals with emotions on their own timeline. The desire to return to normalcy is understandable, but people who are going through emotional trauma may need to give themselves time to heal. When emotional trauma is involved, focusing on your well-being is more important than rushing to recover.
Talk With A Professional
Experiencing emotional trauma can leave a person feeling confused, afraid, or alone.
It's normal to have concerns or reservations about therapy, though, if you haven't experienced it before.
Many people trying therapy for the first time feel uncomfortable revealing intimate details about themselves to a stranger, especially in an in-person setting. For this reason, you may feel more comfortable attending therapy in an online setting. Online therapy is a convenient alternative to traditional, office-based therapy that can be attended from your home or anywhere you have an Internet connection.
Studies have repeatedly found that online therapy can effectively treat people with anxiety, PTSD, or other concerns related to trauma. For example, an overview of 19 research studies found that therapy conducted remotely helped people with PTSD. Specifically, participants experienced a reduction in PTSD and depression symptoms, along with an increase in quality of life.
What are five causes of trauma?
Five common causes of trauma may include the following:
- Car accident
- Domestic violence
Experiencing trauma can result in both physical and emotional reactions. If you have trauma symptoms or believe you may be living with posttraumatic stress disorder, please reach out for the professional help you deserve.
If you or a loved one is witnessing or experiencing any form of abuse, please know that help is available. You can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline anytime at 1-800-799-SAFE (7233).
What is the most common emotional trauma?
Being emotionally or verbally abused can be a very common type of emotional trauma. Psychological trauma symptoms like exhaustion, anxiety, and confusion can be normal reactions, but it’s often wise to seek help from a licensed mental health professional regarding any trauma-related symptoms or concerns.
What are the top three causes of trauma?
There may not be a specific top three causes of trauma, but a few common causes may include witnessing an act of violence, experiencing a natural disaster, or going through domestic abuse. Trauma does not have to involve physical harm; psychological trauma can be quite common as well.
What are the seven types of trauma?
The seven types of trauma typically include acute trauma, chronic trauma, developmental trauma, complex trauma, secondary trauma, historical trauma, big-T trauma, and little-T trauma.
What are the effects of emotional trauma?
Emotional trauma may lead to initial reactions like confusion, sadness, anxiety, and dissociation. Delayed responses can involve nightmares and other sleep disorders, depression, avoidance of triggers, and persistent fatigue.
Sometimes, a person can develop post-traumatic stress disorder after experiencing trauma. This disorder often comes with psychological symptoms like flashbacks, nightmares, and avoidance of situations that remind an individual of the traumatic event. Long-term childhood trauma can lead to a particular subtype of PTSD called complex PTSD or C-PTSD.
Is trauma caused by stress?
Trauma can be defined as the impact of high levels of toxic stress. You can also think of trauma as the emotional response to a stressful event, such as an experience in which you witnessed or experienced physical harm.
What is emotional trauma?
According to the American Psychological Association, emotional trauma can be defined as “an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster.” Emotional and psychological trauma can lead to a variety of emotional reactions and physical symptoms.
How do I know if I have trauma?
Many people are trauma survivors, even if they don’t realize it. The best way to know whether you have experienced trauma may be to schedule a session with a licensed therapist.
A mental health professional can help you determine whether you’ve gone through traumatic experiences and how they may be affecting you. They can also guide you in learning how to respond to potential future trauma so that you can overcome it and heal more easily.
Is trauma emotional or mental?
In general, trauma is considered an emotional response to a traumatic experience.
What are the three main types of trauma?
Acute trauma, complex trauma, and chronic trauma are usually listed as the three main types of trauma.
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