How Depression Symptoms In Women Are Different From Those In Men
In many cases, mental health can be comparable to physical health. Most people have common physical health traits and conditions, but factors such as age or biological sex can change how they manifest. Understanding how symptoms of depression in women are different from symptoms of depression in men can save lives.
To illustrate how certain medical conditions affect men and women differently, let’s look at heart attacks:
Men and women can both suffer from heart attacks. The basic condition is the same, but men and women can experience different symptoms. Further, society has historically been more familiar with heart attack symptoms for men than those for women. This has placed women at a disadvantage when seeking treatment, though attitudes and mental frameworks have started to change in recent years.
Depression is similar. Women and men can have similar mental, physical, and emotional effects of depression, but the symptoms can be different. There are also mental health conditions related to depression that only impact women, or that impact women more often.
Common Symptoms Of Depression
Feelings of sadness, especially during hard times in life, are normal. Those living with depression face more than just sadness, though. Depression refers to a diagnosable and treatable mental health condition when persistent negative feelings are severe and prolonged. Further, there are many symptoms that can be associated with depression.
Symptoms of depression in women are largely similar to the symptoms that are present in men. However, these symptoms may become increasingly important in specific contexts that apply exclusively to women.
Loss Of Interest And Low Energy
Perhaps the most recognizable symptom of depression is a loss of interest. This is when an individual experiences disinterest in or even aversion to activities that they once enjoyed or that were otherwise important to them. Some people, regardless of what they want to do, may feel a lack of physical, emotional, or mental energy that prevents them from engaging in various activities.
As a symptom of depression, this condition is typically persistent and long-term. There are times when you may prefer a quiet movie to hanging out with your friends. You may also have moments of wanting to sleep rather than going to work. These feelings are normal. But a symptom of depression may include feeling unable to work for a long time due to a lack of energy or motivation, or closing off your social networks if you feel like you’re unable to maintain them adequately. It can be important to differentiate normal feelings from potential symptoms of depression.
Health And Lifestyle Changes
Depression is a mental health condition, but it can have physical symptoms as well. Some examples of physical symptoms include maintaining a healthy weight and healthy sleep habits. Some people may experience loss of interest and low energy or spend a lot of time sleeping. Others have difficulty sleeping and don’t get rest at all, contributing to their low energy.
Similarly, some people experiencing symptoms of depression don’t have the energy to make healthy foods and gain weight as a result. Others experience loss of appetite and lose weight. It’s important to be aware that eating disorders are mental health conditions that can be related to depression. While some men experience eating disorders, researchers believe that it is roughly twice as common in women.
People experiencing depression sometimes communicate it. They may say that they’re feeling depressed, feeling hopeless or helpless, or even that they’re thinking about harming themselves. Women tend to have large and strong social networks, so they may be more likely to communicate their feelings. This does not mean that men cannot or do not communicate similar feelings. Still, they may communicate their feelings at a lesser rate compared to women.
If you are thinking about suicide, considering harming yourself or others, feeling that any other person may be in any danger, or if you have any medical emergency, you must immediately call the emergency service number (1-800-273-8255 in the US and 0800-689-5652 in the UK) and notify the relevant authorities. Seek immediate in-person assistance.
Common Signs Of Depression In Men
While some signs of depression are similar in men and women, the National Institute of Mental Health have listed some signs and symptoms of depression that are more common in men:
Anger, irritability, or aggressiveness
Feeling anxious, restless, or “on edge”
Loss of interest in work, family, or once-pleasurable activities
Problems with sexual desire and performance
Feeling sad, “empty,” flat, or hopeless
Not being able to concentrate or remember details
Feeling very tired, not being able to sleep, or sleeping too much
Overeating or not wanting to eat at all
Physical aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems
Inability to meet the responsibilities of work, caring for family, or other important activities
Engaging in high-risk activities
A need for alcohol or drugs
Withdrawing from family and friends or becoming isolated
Symptoms can vary from few to many for different men experiencing depression.
Common Causes Of Depression In Women
Some causes of depression are unique to women. In many cases, this is because of biological events in a woman’s life that can disrupt the balance of hormones and neurotransmitters that contribute to emotional health.
Most care providers, like primary care doctors, are familiar with these conditions. Reaching out to these professionals can help those experiencing these conditions find physical and mental health resources tailored for women.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder
You may be familiar with PMS. While it can be uncomfortable, it’s not necessarily dangerous or threatening in the physical sense. However, for some women, PMS can become PMDD or Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder. This form of PMS is severe and leads to depressive symptoms that are long-lasting and more severe than those that are already associated with menstruation. Other than spikes around your period, this disorder doesn’t have any of its own unique symptoms.
Researchers believe that postpartum depression impacts approximately 20% of women. This is a kind of depression that affects mothers immediately following birth. However, new research shows that postpartum depression can also affect new fathers. For the most part, symptoms of postpartum depression are the same as symptoms of standard depression that were discussed above. However, there are a couple of more telling symptoms. These include the inability to bond with the child or thoughts of harming the child.
Most women are likely to undergo menopause, but there are many who don’t for many reasons. Menopause will be a change, but it’s not necessarily a severe physical problem. However, for some women, menopause leads to longer and more severe complications, including depression. As with PMDD, timing is the only symptom of menopausal depression that sets it apart from other depressive disorders.
This is somewhat complicated by the fact that many people of this age are beginning to experience depression related to other social factors that can become significant at this age. This is another reason that maintaining a relationship with your primary care provider is advised.
What To Do
Once you’re able to recognize the associated conditions and symptoms of depression in women, you may be better equipped to take action when you recognize them.
Talk To Your Care Provider
Maintaining a relationship with your primary care provider, specifically during any stage-of-life changes is recommended. This relationship can help your provider establish a rapport with you. As a result, you may feel more comfortable bringing your concerns and thoughts to your provider. Your provider may even notice early signs of mental health concerns and help you find the care you need.
Talk To Other People
Talking to your primary care provider is advised, but maintaining healthy relationships with your family and friends can also be beneficial for many reasons. Healthy social networks may help to prevent depression from coming on in the first place. Further, being close to people can make it more likely they will notice any declines in your mental health before it becomes a problem.
Take A Look At Your Lifestyle
Depression and other mental health concerns can negatively impact your sleep and eating habits. However, the opposite is also true. If your sleep hygiene, your diet, and your physical activity fall by the wayside, it can contribute to feelings of depression. Maintaining a well-balanced diet, trying to get good sleep, and spending time outdoors can help to keep depression at bay.
When To Get Help
The benefits of forming strong support networks is a common theme in mental health circles. Trusted individuals in these networks may be able to notice potential signs of mental health issues and help start the conversation.
While other people may notice when something’s off, they cannot read your mind or truly know your thought processes. If you feel like something is off, give yourself space and room to evaluate your situation. It’s okay to seek guidance and information even if you feel if it’s not that serious.
If you have a low mood or low energy that prevents you from enjoying people or activities, or that gets in the way at work or with your family obligations, it may be helpful to talk to a care provider.
Reaching Out Online
If you’re interested in learning more about the mental health discussions outlined in this article and how they may be affecting you, it might be a good idea to talk to a mental health expert.
Some of the symptoms of depression, including low energy, may make it difficult to see a mental health professional in person. You may feel too lethargic to travel to a therapist’s office, for instance. Online therapy may provide a viable alternative. With this form of internet-based treatment, you can seek mental health services from the comfort of your home. Online therapy may be more convenient too since you can make appointments according to your schedule.
Recent research has found that online counseling is effective in treating the symptoms of depression in women. One study highlighted the positive outcomes associated with internet-based counseling for perinatal women.
You can use online therapy platforms like BetterHelp Without leaving your house. BetterHelp has four different pathways of communication: in-app messaging, live chats, phone calls, and video conferences.
Read below to learn more about how some individuals used BetterHelp to understand and manage their depression symptoms:
“Chris has helped me manage my depression and anxiety in meaningful, productive ways. He helps me gain a clearer perspective and identify negative thought patterns that are at odds with a healthy, positive outlook. I would recommend Chris to anybody else trying to deal with their depression.”
“Colleen has been an intricate part of my healing and I know that I would not be as successful as I am without her encouragement, support and advice. She is always there when I need her without hesitation and fully understands the goals I have and the challenges I face. She has wonderful techniques in helping me release and cope with stress and anxiety and it has greatly reduced my depression. Colleen is an absolutely fantastic therapist and I can't recommend her highly enough!”
Depression can affect both men and women, but these effects may differ. No matter your gender or life circumstances, you don’t have to experience depression alone. The trained therapists at BetterHelp are ready to help you manage your symptoms and start living your best life. Reach out today.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)
- How does gender affect depression?
There are significant differences between men and women when it comes to depression. Women experience depression almost twice as often as men do. There are numerous gender differences and risk factors that cause this disparity.
One of the major factors that cause women to experience depression more than men is hormonal. Due to puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, post-partum, and menopause women’s biological system are in a near constant state of flux. The severe hormonal changes that occur during these times in a woman’s life lead to a much higher risk of depression.
In addition to hormonal causes, women tend to experience higher rates of being diagnosed with depression due to societal reasons. These can include work overload, such as juggling work and child-rearing, unequal power and status, and history of sexual assault and abuse.
- Does gender count in depression?
Absolutely. Women are at a significantly increased risk for mental illness. Clinical depression is diagnosed nearly twice as often in women as opposed to men. Additionally, because women typically reach puberty at a younger age than men do, they are more prone to a lifetime of mental illness, behavioral health issues, and mood disorders.
- What is the most reliable symptom of depression?
There are many warning signs for depression, however one of the most common and persistent is loss of interest. This symptom is present in both men and women and it is important to note that loss of interest is usually just the first in a long line of physical and emotional symptoms that depression can present.
If you believe that you may have a mental illness such as major depressive disorder, speak with your health care provider. There are many options for the treatment of depression available.
Additionally, if you are seeing a change in the behavioral health of yourself or others, or are experiencing suicidal thoughts, help is available. Call the suicide prevention hotline at 800-273-8255 and get help immediately.
- Why do more women experience depression?
As stated above, depression in men is not as common as the rate of depression in women. There are numerous reasons for this disparity between men and women and one of the main reasons is hormonal gender differences. Woman reach puberty faster than men, so at a young age their systems are being bombarded by hormonal changes. This can make them more prone to behavioral health disorders.
Women are also at an increased risk for mental and behavioral health disorders because of numerous societal gender differences. According to the World Health Organization, women are disproportionately the victims of sexual abuse and assault, uneven and unfair working conditions, and severe overwork.
This is a significant combination of risks that increases women’s chances of developing a mental or behavioral health disorder.
- How do I know if I'm bipolar?
Bipolar disorder is a difficult behavioral health disorder to self-diagnose. You will have had long periods of severe depression and lethargy interspersed with manic episodes. During these manic episodes, people with bipolar disorder tend to make spur of the moment impulsive decisions, and many develop substance use disorders during their manias.
According to the department of health, behavioral health disorders such as bipolar disorder and depressive disorder tend to have a genetic component to them as much as society and history have an impact.
This is one of the many reasons it is so important to know your family medical histories, especially if there were any instances of substance use disorder. If you believe you may be at risk of a behavioral disorder, substance use disorder, or any other mental health condition, reach out to your doctor or therapist or one of our BetterHelp therapists.
You are not alone, and there are many effective treatment options for the treatment of substance use disorder, bipolar disorder, and depression as well as other conditions.
- Are females more stressed than males?
Women typically report higher rates of stress than males do. However, this may be another societal difference between male and female patients. Males are statistically less comfortable seeking health services and treatment for depression than women are.
This is one of the reasons that substance use disorder is significantly higher in men than women. If men have been raised to not discuss their feelings or problems with family or health services, then they are more likely to turn to drugs and alcohol to cope.
- Who is most affected by stress?
The above said, women are still believed to be more prone to stress than men. This is likely due to the societal and hormonal sex differences between male and female patients.
In young adults the rate of anxiety disorders that are diagnosed are 2-1 female to male. This is again due to hormonal and societal sex differences as well as a higher rate of sexual and physical abuse from families against females.
If you are in danger or are being abused, there are many resource centers and human sources you can reach out to. Call the resource center at the child abuse prevention hotline at (1-800) 422-4453.
- What are 5 emotional signs of stress?
The five emotional signs of stress are:
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms on a regular basis with no clear reason why, seek professional mental help. You may have an underlying behavioral health condition that can be treated. This is especially important for young adults. The earlier mental health symptoms are caught, the more effective treatment can be.
- What are the 3 causes of stress?
There are a vast majority of things that can cause stress in someone’s life, but the top three in the world today are money, work, and poor health.
- What diseases are caused by stress?
There are many physical, mental, and behavioral health conditions and diseases that can be caused by stress. One resource center for more information on the impact of stress is WebMD. Here are some of the most common conditions caused by stress:
- Heart Disease
- Weight problems including obesity or eating disorders (particularly in young people, both male and female)
- Behavioral health disorders such as ADHD
- Substance use disorders
These are just a few of the disorders and conditions that can be caused by stress.
- What are the 3 most stressful things in life?
As stated above, worldwide the three biggest stressors are money, work, and poor health.
- What are signs of poor health?
There are many signs of poor health, and they may be different for everyone. Some universal signs are:
- Frequent shortness of breath
- Inability to stay warm or frequent coldness
- Sleep issues or being tired all the time
- Memory issues
- Chest pain
- Snoring (could be a sign of sleep apnea)
If you believe that you may have poor health habits or be in danger of poor health, consult your doctor.
- What does stress do to a woman's body?
Stress can cause a number of problems for women ranging from behavioral health issues to possible substance use disorders. Everyday symptoms of stress include:
- Low energy
- Insomnia or oversleeping
- Upset stomach
- Aches and Pains
- Disruption of menstruation
If you feel that you are suffering from excessive levels of stress, speak to your doctor or therapist for treatment options.
- How do females cope with stress?
There are many ways to cope with stress as a woman. Relaxation techniques, building a support system you can vent to, exercise regularly, develop a routine, get enough sleep and rest. Reach out to your therapist for a personalized treatment plan.
- What are the behavioral symptoms of stress?
The behavioral health symptoms of stress are:
- Lack of appetite, or overeating
- Nervous behaviors such as nail biting, pacing, etc.
- Substance use disorders
- Avoiding responsibilities
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