Starting to Dig
What is personality? It is something that people often refer to and describe casually, but most people are not aware that there is an entire field of study dedicated to personality psychology. Personality can be difficult to define, but it is loosely based on a particular pattern of thoughts, feelings, social interactions, and behaviors that are influenced by reflection, other people, stress, and the environment. One of the most popular branches in the field of psychology, personality psychology attempts to understand and define traits and variations within the individual, how these characteristics develop, and how these traits change in different environments and over time.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality test is a self-report questionnaire that was based on the personality theories of Carl Jung. Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers were the creators of the MBTI personality test after they spent twenty years observing different personality types as theorized by Jung. Jung developed theories about the innate differences in how people process information and make decisions. His theory was based on two perceiving functions, including sensation and intuition, as well as two judging functions, including thinking and feeling. Those who process information primarily through sensing are more sensory-oriented and fact-based, while those who process information through intuition are more abstract and imaginal. His theory also included two primary different types of attitude, one known as extroversion and the other as introversion. These different qualities, particularly introversion and extroversion exist on a continuum with many people in the middle.
The 16 personality types provide information about your preferences. For example, extroverts learn best by talking and interacting with others, while introverts prefer quiet, reflection, and privacy to learn. Sensing types learn best through learning about the material in a detailed, logical manner, while intuitive types prefer learning through insight, pattern recognition, and making associations. Thinking types desire to learn about objective truth and use logic and deductive reasoning while feeling types consider people's motives and personalize issues and causes. Lastly, judging types have a structured approach to the world, while perceiving types are more open to change.
The MBTI personality test can be a good starting point on your journey towards greater self-awareness and self-discovery. Most of us may be unaware of the ways in which we approach others, situations, or decision-making. Recognizing and understanding your own unique personality, tendencies, and group interactions can give you insight into your own thought-processes, behaviors, and why you act the way you do in a given situation. A personality test can validate certain, unique traits and help you choose a lifestyle or career that compliments your personality type. Furthermore, with this self-knowledge often comes greater self-acceptance and compassion
An Interesting Yet Obvious Application
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is a theory created by Abraham Maslow, which generally states that individuals need to have specific needs met in order to reach their full potential and reach higher states of self-fulfillment. Maslow popularized the term, self-actualization, which is a construct describing one's attainment of needs and its impact on a person's overall development. It theorizes that human beings have a hierarchy of needs must be fulfilled at each level in order to reach the peak of self-actualization. These levels are:
Differences in aspects of personality and human interaction are overwhelmingly overlooked in different settings such as school, employment, social settings, and even within the home. Some environments may encourage and even reward different personality characteristics. For example, overall, most institutions in the U.S., encourage and reward certain personality traits, such as high extroversion, sensation, and judging personality characteristics. However, there are specific professions and environments that value and foster those opposing traits of introversion, intuition, and feeling. Many of us try to mold our personalities to the values held by the dominant culture, society, or environment. However, you can find a greater sense of belonging, self-esteem, and self-actualization, if you acknowledge your own unique personality traits and searchers for people, environments, and careers that support those traits. Additionally, recognizing that others may be attuned to a certain way of processing or communicating can help you to better adapt and harmoniously work together. Overall, knowing about your personality type can you identify your own needs and seek out ideal environments to express these traits.
Free Myers Briggs Personality Test
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality test is a test formulated with extensive research, essentially breaking up the human population into sixteen different types with four different variables on a spectrum. There are many free websites online where you can take the test and read about your personality type.
16Personalities is one free website with descriptive profiles for each of the sixteen types. This website summarizes personality strengths and weaknesses, relationships, careers, workplace habits, and more. This analysis of personality can help you get clearer about what your core values are, what motivates you, and environments that allow you to fully express yourself. Knowing more about your own personality type can be a great way to take inventory of the different aspects of your life and identify areas for improvement. However, it is noted that people are often the best judge of their own type. While the test provides a match of your type based upon your answers, there is also a "best fit" process, where individuals learn about the four dichotomies and form their own hypothesis about their actual type. In about 20% of cases, one's own hypothesis differs from their reported types. Reading about other types can help you determine if your reported type is accurate. It should also be recognized that personality type can change over time or throughout one's life.
The more you learn, the deeper you can venture into self-discovery, finding out what makes you feel fulfilled and working towards improving and advancing your communication skills and satisfaction in life. Knowing your strengths and weaknesses can also help you identify areas of potential improvement in your life. While each person is completely unique, many of us share common elements and patterns of processing information, interacting with others, and communicating that can be documented, analyzed, and understood. By gaining greater clarity and understanding about your own values, communication style, you can begin to work towards fully utilizing and expressing these traits in a constructive way.
Speaking with a professional counselor, who can discuss your results in detail can help you move towards a greater degree of self-actualization. This knowledge can also be used to create an individualize your treatment plan and help you identify goals. This, in turn, can help positively impact your relationships, friendships, career, and self-esteem. BetterHelp is an online counseling platform that connects clients with a licensed counselor.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is the Myers Briggs test free?
Several websites offer a free Myers Briggs personality test, including 16Personalities, Truity.com, and Personality Perfect, rights reserved.
What is the best free personality test?
Taking an online free personality test can provide meaningful insight into your personality tendencies, strengths and challenges. Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), developed by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers, is a powerful tool for gaining awareness into how you function in the world and interact with others. MBTI assesses one’s preference in four areas: Extroversion or Introversion, Sensing or Intuition, Thinking or Feeling, and Judging or Perceiving. There are 16 potential Myers Briggs types: INFJ, INFP, INTJ, INTP, ISFJ, ISFP, ISTJ, ISTP, ENFJ, ENFP, ENTJ, ENTP, ESFJ, ESFP, ESTJ, and ESTP.
Other personality tests commonly utilized in personality psychology include the Big Five Personality Test and DISC Personality Assessment. Both of these assessments can be taken online for free. You may consider taking multiple personality tests to find which resonates with you the most.
How much does a Myers Briggs test cost?
Though some Myers Briggs materials may cost money, resources such as 16Personalities provide a free personality test. By answering a series of questions, you can discover your Myers Briggs type and read about the unique strengths and challenges of your personality.
What is the loneliest personality type?
The rarest Myers Briggs personality types are INFJ, INTJ and ENTJ. If you identify with one of these types, you may find it challenging to find others who share your personal challenges and ways of being in the world. Also, Myers Briggs types that are Intuitive and Perceiving, such as INFP, INTP, ENTP and ENFP tend to struggle with indecision and display difficulty committing to long-term partnerships. These tendencies may contribute to loneliness over time.
What is the most popular personality type?
The most popular Myers Briggs type is ISFJ, the “Defender.” Research shows that 13.8% of the population is the ISFJ type.
What is the most valid personality test?
Myers Briggs, developed by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers, assesses an individual’s preference in four areas: Extraversion or Introversion, Sensing or Intuition, Thinking or Feeling, and Judging or Perceiving. Studies have found the Myers Briggs test to have 90% accuracy.
Studies have also recognized the Big Five as scientifically valid way for psychologists to test personality. The Big Five, which is a personality test based on five traits: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism, is shown to accurately predict behavior. This assessment may be another avenue to look deeper into your personality traits as you grow in self-discovery.
Can I take the Myers Briggs test online?
Yes! There are resources such as such as 16Personalities that allow you to discover your Myers Briggs type through a free online test.
Is Myers Briggs worth it?
Personality assessments can be a powerful tool for self-discovery. Created by Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs, Myers Briggs Type Indicator allows you to discover more about how you function in terms of work, relationships, etc. Taking the Myers Briggs test can help you identify your strengths and areas of growth. It can also improve your relationships as you grow in understanding of your own behaviors as well as the tendencies of others.
Do you have to pay for Myers Briggs?
No. There are resources such as 16Personalities that offer a free personality test to help you identify your Myers Briggs type. Websites such as Truity.com also offer affiliate programs for those who run websites focused on psychology, personality or career development.
Are any personality tests accurate?
Studies have found the Myers Briggs Type Indicator, developed by Myers and Briggs, to have a 90% accuracy rate. However, some people may not feel as though their result suits them. If you don’t like the answer you are given, you may consider reading through the descriptions of the rest of the personality types to see if one resonates with you more. You may also consider other personality assessments such as The Big Five or the DISC assessment to see if you connect more to the results.
What is the best disc personality type?
No one DISC type is better than any other, as each personality type has unique strengths and challenges. The four personality profiles featured in the DISC assessment are Dominance (D), Influence (I), Steadiness (S) and Conscientiousness (C). The DISC assessment is widely used to help individuals learn about their tendencies and improve communication, particularly in the workplace.
What are the 4 types of personality?
Myers Briggs types can be connected to the basic personality types from the four temperaments model. These four basic personality types include sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic.
Is there a type D personality?
Yes, the D personality stands for “distressed.” Individuals with a Type D personality tend to experience persistent negative emotions such as sadness, low self-confidence and feelings of hopelessness. Those who identify as Type D are often withdrawn due to their high social inhibition and may struggle with their mental health. It will be important for those with Type D personality types to seek sufficient support and develop healthy coping skills for managing negative emotions.
What is Type F personality?
There is no such thing as a type F personality. F may denote one facet of the Myers Briggs personality test, which is Feeling.
What does Type B personality mean?
In the Type A and Type B personality theory, Type B has been thought of as “less intense” as Type A, and is characterized by an easy-going and relaxed demeanor.
What does a Type C personality mean?
Individuals with a Type C personality often possess tendencies such as unassertiveness and suppressing their needs which can lead to negative emotions.