How Can I Find Out If I Have A Trauma And Stressor Related Disorder?
There are two types of traumas that can occur to our brains. One is physical trauma that occurs from an injury to the head, and the other is stress-related trauma, or psychological trauma. What most do not realize is that both of these types of trauma can be detected with MRI or CT scan. Two common types of physical trauma are concussion and blunt force trauma. Sports and automobile accidents are the lead causes of head trauma in high school and collegiate athletes. (Gessel, Fields, Collins, Dick, & Comstock, 2007). Stress related trauma can be attributed to a physical injury sustained from accidental or deliberate injury.
Concussion is caused from minor trauma to the soft gelatin like brain tissue, they often go undetected and can be dangerous ("Concussion-Topic Overview," n.d.). Anytime someone receives a blow to the head it should be assumed that he or she is concussed and precautions should be taken. When someone receives a blow to the head during play or activity, it is best to not resume that activity and to seek immediate medical attention. To resume the activity can cause further injury, and deaths have been the result for example of teens returning to the football field after sustaining a hard knock to the head. ("Sudden Death: The Mysterious Brain Injury Killing Young Football Players | National News | US News," n.d.).
The common symptoms associated with concussion are: disorientation, nausea, loss of memory, difficulty thinking ("Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention," n.d.). If any of these symptoms present themselves, medical attention should be sought at once. Concussions do typically mend themselves given time, and proper attention.
Blunt Force Trauma
Head trauma caused from blunt force can be fatal or have long-lasting effects. Damage to specific areas of the brain can cause the loss of speech, memory, and coordination. Many cognitive disorders are related to trauma to the brain. Blunt force trauma to the brain is obviously more easily detected than concussion, as there will be obvious external injuries. As with concussion, it is always better to err on the side of caution and seek immediate medical attention.
Stress Related Trauma
Stress related trauma is a form of post-traumatic stress in which our minds seek to shield us from something that has happened to us, or we have witnessed (Margolies & read, 2016). The symptoms associated with this form of trauma can be both physiological as well as psychological. The physiological or somatic complaints associated with PTSD range from sleeplessness, tremors, and loss of appetite. Psychological symptoms often include: fearfulness, anxiety, depression, and mood swings.
If you have any suspicion of physical or psychological trauma to the brain it is advisable to seek medical attention immediately ("Recovery | Concussion | Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center," n.d.). A neurologist is trained in both areas and can make the proper referrals. When our brains have sustained either a physical or stress related trauma, there will be a period of readjustment for both the individual with the trauma and his or her family. Always follow the advice of your physician and seek immediate medical attention for signs or symptoms of depression, suicidal thoughts, or violent behaviors. Do not attempt to "ride" these symptoms out.
Patience is a must during this time and it will be necessary to pay close attention to the physical as well as emotional environment for the individual who is recovering from injury. Your doctor is always the best source of advice when it comes to knowing when it is okay to leave those with physical brain injuries alone, or when he or she will be cleared for normal activities.
For help coping, or more information about physical or stress-related brain trauma visit Betterhelp.com.
Concussion: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved May 20, 2017, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview#1
Concussion-Topic Overview. (n.d.). Retrieved May 20, 2017, from http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview
Gessel, L. M., Fields, S. K., Collins, C. L., Dick, R. W., & Comstock, R. D. (2007). Concussions Among United States High School and Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 42(4), 495-503.
Margolies, L., & read, P. D. ~ 3 min. (2016, May 17). Understanding the Effects of Trauma: Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved April 18, 2017, from https://psychcentral.com/lib/understanding-the-effects-of-trauma-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/
Recovery | Concussion | Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center. (n.d.). Retrieved May 20, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/recovery.html
Sudden Death: The Mysterious Brain Injury Killing Young Football Players | National News | US News. (n.d.). Retrieved May 20, 2017, from https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2016-08-11/sudden-death-the-mysterious-brain-injury-killing-young-football-players