What Are The Stages Of Childhood?
Updated July 15, 2021
Medically Reviewed By: Deborah Horton
The most difficult part of parenting for some is figuring out where their child lies in the stages of development and what they should be doing to help them grow and learn. The childhood age range for development can be confusing, and there are plenty of stages that your child will go through as they continue to grow. If you are a new parent and you want to stay on top of your child's development, here is an article that discusses each of the stages of childhood and what to expect during each stage of your child's life.
Newborn (Birth To One Month)
The initial stages of childhood begin once a child leaves the womb. During this stage of a child's development, a child begins to react to external stimuli such as touch and sound, can discern objects that are close to his/her vision, can recognize specific smells, and starts to communicate their needs using facial expressions and cries.
Infancy (One To Twelve Months)
A child is considered to be in the infant stages of development between the age of one month and one year. During infancy, a child begins to develop more complex responses to the world around them. Some of the most notable developments include an infant's ability to control the way that their head moves, their ability to sit up without the support of their parent, and their ability to recognize and respond to their name.
They will also start making babbling sounds, which typically occurs between the ages of six and nine months. At around the nine-month mark or up to around the twelve-month mark, an infant will begin to be able to crawl and stand up on their own as well as grasp objects with their hands.
Toddler (One Year To Three Years)
The toddler stage is similar to the adolescent stage in the way that children are beginning to learn more about the world around them as well as their bodies. Although a toddler will still not be quite adjusted to their bodies, a toddler is quite advanced in their movements, and they can do things such as walk on their own, jump around, climb on things, follow directions, construct simple sentences, and do creative activities. They will also begin to like ritualistic behaviors such as bedtime routines since these activities help to provide comfort.
Preschool (Three To Five Years)
The preschool stage of a child's development is only an advanced form of the toddler stage. In the preschool stage, children start to improve their motor skills as well as their vocabulary and conversational skills. Although you shouldn't expect them to have complete control over all aspects of their life, a child will begin to be able to do basic things such as dress themselves and go to the bathroom on their own.
School-Age (Six To Twelve Years)
The school-age portion of a child's life is when they start turning into a more mature version of themselves. A child going through the school-age stage will start developing secondary sex characteristics typical of their gender, will be more focused on creating friendships with children of the same gender, and will have a better grasp on the motor skills that they developed in the previous stages. Their conversational skills will also begin to improve as they attend school and learn more about the world around them.
Adolescent (Thirteen To Eighteen Years)
Adolescence is a period of major and sometimes confusing or difficult change. Throughout the adolescent years, a child will begin to develop sexually and will start experiencing feelings towards members of the opposite or same sex. Individuality is a major theme during these years, and you may notice your child is starting to develop their personality as well as form their thoughts and opinions.
As they continue to grow older, they will focus more on their friends and relationships and will focus less on their family to develop their independent lifestyle. It is not always a difficult time, but adolescents are faced with a lot of pressure and can always use support while they are going through this stage of their life.
Are you having trouble with your child or are you looking for someone to talk to about something that your child may be going through? If so, we recommend visiting BetterHelp.
BetterHelp is an online counseling platform that helps provide affordable and convenient online counseling to those who need it. If you think that you could benefit from these services, click on the link above and you will be brought to a page that will help you connect with the right online counselor for you!
Previous ArticleWhat Are Signs & Symptoms Of Childhood Diabetes?
Next ArticleHow Important Are Childhood Friends & Can They Stick Around?
Learn MoreWhat Is Online Therapy? About Online Counseling
Abuse ADHD Adolescence Alzheimer's Ambition Anger Anxiety Attachment Attraction Behavior Bipolar Body Dysmorphic Disorder Body Language Bullying Careers Chat Childhood Counseling Current Events Dating Defense Mechanisms Dementia Depression Domestic Violence Eating Disorders Family Friendship General Grief Guilt Happiness How To Huntington's Disease Impulse Control Disorder Inclusive Mental Health Intimacy Loneliness Love Marriage Medication Memory Menopause MidLife Crisis Mindfulness Monogamy Morality Motivation Neuroticism Optimism Panic Attacks Paranoia Parenting Personality Personality Disorders Persuasion Pessimism Pheromones Phobias Pornography Procrastination Psychiatry Psychologists Psychopathy Psychosis Psychotherapy PTSD Punishment Rejection Relationships and Relations Resilience Schizophrenia Self Esteem Sleep Sociopathy Stage Fright Stereotypes Stress Success Stories Synesthesia Teamwork Teenagers Temperament Tests Therapy Time Management Trauma Visualization Willpower Wisdom Worry
What To Do To Overcome An Adverse Childhood Experience ADD In Children: Why Medication Isn’t The Only Option Child Depression: How Can I Know If My Child Is Depressed? Childhood: Short & Long-Term Psychological Effects of Being Yelled At Mental Health And Safety: How Addiction Impacts Children Of Addicts Preparing For The Stages Of Early Childhood Development