How Therapists Define Resentment And Help You Deal With It
Updated August 28, 2020
Medically Reviewed By: Laura Angers
Are you experiencing resentment and wondering how you can get past it? It’s a natural question. After all, it’s an uncomfortable feeling, and it can have a detrimental impact on your life. It might help to start with understanding what resentment is. Then, with the help of a therapist, you can sort out your feelings, deal with the situations involved, and learn to let go of it.
Definition of Resentment
The Cambridge Dictionary offers a seemingly straightforward definition of resentment. It defines this word as “a feeling of anger because you have been forced to accept something you do not like.”
Components of Resentment
While the Cambridge Dictionary definition does cover the basic idea, it fails to address the complexity of feelings of resentment. Resentment, to a therapist, is more than simple anger. It consists of three main components.
Resentment is not just a quickly passing feeling of anger. When you’re resentful, the anger and resentment persist over time. It’s a feeling that’s hard to shake, and if you don’t do something to address your bitterness, it’s likely to continue or even get worse.
Resentment comes from a belief that someone (or the world in general) has mistreated you. Anger is a little different because you can be angry without necessarily thinking you’ve experienced an injustice. In resentment, it may be that someone has actually treated you unfairly. Sometimes, though, people get caught up in resentment because they misunderstand what happened or the other person’s intentions.
Dwelling on Upsetting Experiences
Do you ever find yourself replaying upsetting conversations and events over and over in your mind? Ruminating over distressing situations can be an extremely painful experience. However, when someone is resentful, they usually do dwell on hurtful experiences.
What Can Cause Resentment?
So, where does resentment come from, anyway? What caused resentment for you might be very different from what caused if for someone else. The following are some of the most common causes of resentment.
Inequality in Relationships
When one person in a close relationship has more power than the other, the less powerful one may feel resentment towards their partner. Or, the one who has more responsibilities may feel bitter that the other person isn’t shouldering an equal share of life’s burdens. And even in the most loving homes, children may feel resentful that their parents get to do or have things that they aren’t allowed. Sometimes, there isn’t an easy way to equalize the relationship. However, you can get beyond the resentment if you can learn to deal with it effectively.
Abuse and Neglect
You might tend to feel resentment and anger if you experienced abuse or neglect, either as a child or later in life. And that’s perfectly reasonable. You certainly didn’t deserve to be treated that way. Yet, these negative feelings are painful and can become self-destructive after a while. Once you’re out of the abusive relationship, a therapist can help you shift your focus to get beyond those feelings and build a more positive future.
Often, health problems can create situations where resentment crops up easily. Medical issues put many people in a position that requires them to do things they’d rather not do. Caring for someone who is sick or injured is a huge responsibility, and if the person you’re caring for you is uncooperative or unappreciative, it can be hard to take. In one study, caregivers of people with dementia completed resentment rating scales. The results showed that they were indeed resentful, and when the person they were caring for behaved in manipulative or willful ways, they were even more resentful.
Humiliating experiences often lead to lingering feelings of resentment. You might resent another person who you believe caused the embarrassing event. Or, you might blame yourself and feel the life has let you down by not preparing you well enough for that moment.
Prejudice and Discrimination
Many people face prejudice and discrimination related to their race, gender, sexual orientation, or other aspects of who they are. Interestingly, both people who discriminate and those who they discriminate against may feel resentment. For example, scientists conducted two studies – one in the 1980s and one concluding in 2011 – and determined that racial resentment was a factor in why white policy-makers didn’t and still don’t create programs to address racial inequality.
Envy and Jealousy
Many people feel bitter that someone else has what they want and can’t get. The other person may not have done anything to hurt them directly. The anger and resentment come from the idea that they feel it’s so unfair that they don’t have what they want or need while someone else does.
Rejection is often a source of resentment. You might face rejection when you ask someone for a date, when you apply for a job, or even when you offer to help someone. If the other person turns you down, it can feel very unfair. Anger and shame can turn to resentment in these situations.
Effects of Resentment
While resentment can cause you a lot of pain and keep you stuck in the past, it’s important to remember that emotions aren’t “right” or “wrong.” They’re just the way you feel. So, you don’t have to blame yourself or feel bad about yourself because you feel resentment. There may be a great deal of truth in your opinion that someone has treated you unjustly. Still, dealing with the feeling and moving past it is critical to your mental health. Here are some of the ways resentment can affect your life.
Resentment can be toxic to close relationships. Couples who experience resentment towards each other usually have unsatisfying relationships. They may stay together in misery, or they may split up to get away from those bad feelings. Yet, even if you do end the relationship, dealing with your feelings can help you move on to better relationships in the future.
Strong, Uncomfortable Feelings
The feeling of resentment can be very distressing. Other uncomfortable feelings may come along with it, too. You may develop feelings of regret for the things you did or said or the way your life turned out. You might begin to feel inadequate if you believe you didn’t handle the situation well. These intense feelings can disrupt your life and may even lead to other mental health issues like depression or anxiety.
If you often feel resentful, you might begin to avoid conflict. Because you haven’t let go of the resentment, you may not feel ready to face difficult situations. And it’s understandable if you don’t want to be hurt anymore. But facing challenges is often the only way to find satisfaction and pleasure in your life. Many people find that working through their resentment frees them to deal with new conflicts when they need to do so to get what they desire or achieve their goals.
How Therapists Help with Resentment
A therapist can help you deal with resentment in several ways. Treatment usually includes self-expression, learning, and putting into practice what you’ve learned. Here are some of the tasks involved in overcoming feelings of resentment.
One thing that can help tremendously is to find appropriate ways to express your emotions. Just talking to your counselor about your feelings is a good start. Another method is showing your feelings through artwork or music. Sometimes, counselors suggest writing a letter to the person who has wronged you and then, once you’ve got the emotions out, destroying the note. The purpose of this exercise isn’t to communicate with the other person, but only to face your feelings and the situations that caused them. Journaling is another useful tool for self-expression.
Identifying the Source of Resentment
What is causing your resentment? Resentment may come without you knowing its source at times. If that happens, one of your tasks will be finding out what happened that caused you to feel resentful. Your therapist can help you explore the possibilities and come to your own answer. And even if you know what you’re resentful about, you can go deeper to find the specific words, actions, or circumstances that are generating that feeling.
Recognizing Patterns of Resentment
Another question you and your therapist may delve into is whether your resentment is an isolated incident or not. For some people, resentment can become a way of life. By identifying long-term patterns of resentment, you and your therapist can work towards overcoming them.
Checking Your Perspective
It also helps many people to have a therapist who can guide them in seeing other perspectives on the circumstances that cause them resentment. Sometimes being able to see the situation from another angle can help you feel less mistreated. By taking another person’s point of view for a moment, in some cases, you might realize they didn’t mean to harm you at all.
Assessing and Choosing Thoughts
Sometimes, it’s not so much what happens to you that’s painful. It’s what you think about what happened that fuels the resentment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy offers tools to help you assess the thoughts behind your resentment, decide whether they’re accurate and helpful, and choose the thoughts and behaviors that will benefit you the most.
While you can use your mind in many ways to help you in letting go of resentment, thinking obsessively about the source of your pain usually makes the feeling more intense and long-lasting. Sometimes, calming techniques can make it easier to let go. Many therapists teach their clients mindfulness meditation, systematic muscle relaxation, or other methods that help them relax and focus on something other than their pain.
Building Self-Confidence and Self-Esteem
If you’re suffering from feelings of inadequacy, your therapist can help you build your self-esteem and boost your self-confidence. They can do this by helping you recognize what triggers your low self-esteem. They can help you challenge negative beliefs. They can also encourage you to take risks and work towards goals that will increase your feelings of self-worth.
Setting reasonable expectations for fairness might also help you feel less resentful. There’s rarely any guarantee that the world will give you precisely what you want or even what you need. By recognizing that life isn’t always fair, you might be able to avoid intense feelings of resentment when things don’t go your way. At the same time, it’s still important to stand up for yourself when you’re being hurt, discriminated against, taken advantage of, or abused. The goal here is to find the right balance between your expectations and what’s actually possible.
Envisioning a Future Without Resentment
Once you deal with your resentment, resentment will no longer be your focus. At some point in your therapy, it’s good to take some time to think about what your life will be like without that unpleasant feeling. Your therapist can help you in this, too, by encouraging you to make new plans for a future without resentment.
Are you ready to move past your resentment? A therapist can help you, either in your local community or online. Licensed counselors are available at BetterHelp to guide you in your journey away from the emotional pain and devastating effects of resentment. You can have therapy at a place and time that works for you. Then, you can work through your feelings, make new plans, and create a better life for yourself and those you love.
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