Do you know someone who constantly makes you feel anxious, makes you question your own reality or leaves you feeling like you constantly need to apologize? This could be gaslighting. Continue reading to learn more about gaslighting and the signs of a gaslighter.
This article will cover the origins and signs of gaslighting, gaslighting behavior, how to respond and navigate a gaslighting power dynamic, and options of professional help that you can seek out for additional support if you or a loved one has experienced gaslighting.
The term "gaslighting" comes from a stage play that eventually became a film. The 1944 movie Gaslight tells the story of a woman with a controlling and manipulative husband. In his attempts to control her, he began to manipulate her environment in ways that made her question her own judgment and sanity. The husband would dim the gas lights in their home and make them flicker, then would deny that anything was happening when she mentioned it (hence how the term gaslighting came to be). He would tell her she was crazy and that nothing was wrong with them. The emotional trauma she experienced was severe. In the end, the woman found someone who helped her prove that she was not losing her mind and that the events were happening and not her imagination, and she left the marriage. This abuse is not easy to detect. In fact, victims are often so overwhelmed by the abuser’s hurtful behaviors and the self-doubt that it causes that it may take a long time to realize what is happening and to get help.
Gaslighting is the act of manipulating someone using psychological efforts to make them question their own sanity. It's a severe form of emotional abuse that often leads the person being gaslit to feel confused and question their own memories, thoughts, or events that have happened. If gaslighting behaviors are not stopped, it can result in a victim doubting and losing their own sense of identity and self-worth.
Being gaslit can occur in any type of relationship, whether in romantic relationships or professional relationships. Being a gaslighter is a common technique used by abusive spouses or intimate partners, narcissists, and people who try to control large groups of people such as cult leaders. The effects of this form of abuse can often be devastating.
Gaslighting may take on different forms and often happens in stages. Some of the most common signs of abuse from a gaslighter include:
What makes a person think that it’s okay to manipulate or gaslight someone else and how can you identify them? There are personality traits that can signal to you that a person is gaslighting. Additionally, people can use gaslighting as a manipulation tactic without realizing what they are doing.
It is not uncommon for gaslighting abusers to suffer from their own personality and mental health issues. Gaslighting involves manipulating any situation a person can to make it benefit them in some way and thus ease their own emotional pain.
A person gaslighting is often fueled by their desire to have control or gain things they want without having to work for those benefits or taking responsibility for their actions. These kinds of individuals may convince themselves that what they are doing to you (being a gaslighter) is for your good and that you should appreciate them. Although their behavior may suggest otherwise, they often feel intense anxiety about the thought of losing you. They may also lack the emotional intelligence to understand that they are a gaslighter and are gaslighting you.
Whether the abuser understands what they're doing or not, being gaslit can be damaging to you if you don’t get help. These individuals don’t want their victims to think for themselves, make decisions or have their own friends or other personal relationships outside.
The kind of gaslighting individual who is unfaithful in a relationship may try to convince their partner that they are crazy or imagining things, even if the partner is sure they saw an inappropriate text message or heard a conversation to suggest otherwise. When victims try to address their partner’s gaslighting behavior, the abusing partner may employ tactics to make the victim second-guess what they saw or heard, and will gas light them into doubting themselves.
These kinds of individuals at work can cause disruptions in your work performance and hurt your emotional and physical health when you're being gaslit. Experiencing this abusive situation in workplace relationships may cause you to lose focus and have trouble performing your duties. The intense stress can affect your ability to work, as being gaslit is a form of emotional abuse. Keep an eye out for any form of gaslighting in the work place.
Gaslighting people tend to use specific techniques. These can include:
When experiencing this kind of abuse - your thoughts, feelings, and actions may change dramatically. While you once may have felt confident or self-assured, you may now feel like you can't trust your mind. Take some time to upon how your thoughts toward yourself or others may have changed since being in a relationship with this kind of individual.
If you have been gaslit, it’s important to understand that this is abuse. It is an emotional abuse tactic that can leave you feeling unsure about yourself, others, and life in general. If those experiencing this kind of abuse do not get help, it can have a long-lasting effect on both mental and physical well-being.
If you are in a relationship with someone who is manipulating or abusing you, it is may be best to end the relationship and seek an outside perspective through counseling to help you deal with the emotional trauma. While the option that may seem obvious to others is to leave the relationship immediately, if you are married to or live with this kind of individual, you may not feel like you can leave right away.
Keep a journal of things that happen. Write down your thoughts and feelings to cultivate great emotional awareness and build trust in yourself. If possible, find a trusted friend or family member that you can confide in to discuss your concerns. Online therapy has also been proven to reduce symptoms caused by trauma.
Read the study here:
Working with someone who uses gaslighting can make you feel like you don’t even want to go to work. What seems like their constant insults or questions regarding your work performance or abilities can make a day at work feel like a year. Remember, many of these types of individuals use tactics of manipulation to make you question yourself which makes them appear the “better person” in their own minds.
As with a personal relationship with this kind of individual, you should set boundaries and if the individual crosses those boundaries, it’s okay to ask for help from a supervisor or other authority figure.
At first, it may be difficult to understand what gaslighting can do to you emotionally or to your relationships. When a relationship is just beginning, you may not realize that you are being manipulated or abused.
Establishing relationships with friends or family members who can encourage you as you learn to deal with and overcome this form of abuse is important. Talking to a counselor or mental health professional can also be very helpful as it allows you to express your thoughts and feelings with someone who has an objective view. They can help you learn ways to cope with your emotions and to begin rebuilding your self-confidence and esteem.
Gaslighting can be one of the most painful abusive behaviors to be subject to. The good news is, if you are willing to reach out, you can make yourself a better life beyond being gaslit. With the counselor's support, you can regain the self-confidence that the individual took away from you. You can learn to love who you are, trust your sanity, and set your sights on a happier life - take the first step away from a gaslighter today.
What is gaslighting in a relationship?
Unfortunately, gaslighting often happens in close personal relationships. In romantic relationships, you may see gaslighting in the form of manipulative behavior like lying or dismissing a partner’s feelings. Gaslighting in a relationship can also involve other abusive behaviors like violence or sexual aggression, but the gaslighter may deny ever engaging in these behaviors. Additionally, if one person has an emotional reaction to the gaslighter’s behavior, the gaslighter may call them dramatic or overly sensitive. If your wife or husband manipulates you, denies your feelings, and makes you question yourself, don’t hesitate to get help.
What is an example of gaslighting?
While gaslighting can happen in any relationship, many people don’t realize that even trusted professionals can engage in gaslighting. Medical gaslighting, for example, is when a medical professional downplays or dismisses a patient’s medical symptoms, often telling patients that their problems are “all in their head.” This sort of behavior is not acceptable, and if you experience medical gaslighting, it’s important to stand up for yourself and switch doctors.