Are Psoriasis, Stress, And Anxiety Linked?
Updated February 13, 2020
Reviewer Aaron Horn
If you have psoriasis, you may be looking for the root cause of your illness. Even more importantly, you're probably interested in a cure for both short and long term flare-ups of psoriasis. Psoriasis is a common condition and can be associated with stress and anxiety, as well as other triggers like alcohol consumption, infection, injury, and the side effects of certain medications. Psoriasis can also vary in terms of severity and type, with five different common types of psoriasis. There are a variety of treatments for psoriasis, including lifestyle changes, topical medicines, and more.
What Is Psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a common skin condition that often presents as scaly, red patches of skin. Psoriasis can be itchy and even painful and can have an unpleasant physical appearance. Psoriasis is caused by the rapid turnover of skin cells, and the buildup of excess skin on the surface of the body.
Psoriasis is not contagious, and you can't catch psoriasis from another person. This condition is chronic and may come and go in response to different environmental stressors and potential treatments. While there is no known cure for psoriasis, symptoms can be managed through a variety of different methods. If you think that you might have psoriasis, you should seek the advice of a medical professional to get a diagnosis and discuss possible treatments.
Symptoms Of Psoriasis
Symptoms of psoriasis may include red and irritated skin, flaky skin, dry skin, cracking skin, itching, burning, and soreness on the surface of the skin. Other secondary symptoms may include ridged nails, stiff joints, and persistent pain. Psoriasis may range from mild to severe, and different people may experience different symptoms. Symptoms of psoriasis may wax and wane according to a variety of different circumstances.
Types Of Psoriasis
There are several different types of psoriasis, each presenting different symptoms and occurring under different circumstances.
Nail psoriasis affects the nail and nail bed and can range from moderate to severe. Fingernails and toenails may become pitted, ridged, or discolored. In severe cases, nails can even separate from the nail bed or crumble away.
Inverse psoriasis affects sensitive parts of the body such as the armpits, genitals, and under the breasts. The skin in these areas may become shiny, red, and inflamed, and may be painful. Inverse psoriasis can be caused by friction, sweat, and fungal infections.
Erythrodermic psoriasis is a very rare form of psoriasis. People with this condition experience a severe red rash all over their bodies. It can be intensely painful and cause sensations of burning and itching.
Plaque psoriasis is a very common form of psoriasis. It causes red, flaking, and irritated skin, and may occur in a variety of different locations throughout the body. Plaque psoriasis is usually accompanied by scaly skin and raised red lesions. This form of psoriasis can be mild, moderate, or severe, and can be itchy or painful.
While guttate psoriasis may affect adults, it is most common in children and young adults. It causes small pink spots, typically on the limbs and torso, although it may also occur in other areas of the body. Infections like strep throat often trigger it.
Pustular psoriasis is an uncommon form of psoriasis in which pus-filled blisters develop on the body. It can occur in patches on the skin and may be concentrated on the hands or feet. Pustular psoriasis often has a variety of related symptoms, including fever, chills, and diarrhea. This type of psoriasis may disappear and reappear frequently.
Psoriatic arthritis presents typical symptoms of psoriasis-like inflamed, red, scaly skin, in addition to arthritis symptoms such as swollen, stiff, and painful joints. Psoriatic arthritis can be mild, moderate, or severe, and may affect any part of the body, or multiple parts at once. Psoriatic arthritis can also progressively damage joints and may result in permanent damage.
How Psoriasis Is Linked To Stress And Anxiety
While psoriasis may seem like a purely physical condition, it can be closely connected to stress and anxiety. Studies have shown a close link between mental health illnesses and symptoms of psoriasis. Stress and anxiety may contribute to patient developing psoriasis in the first place, as well as triggering renewed symptoms or preventing lesions from healing quickly. Doctors and scientists theorize that when under stress, the body produces chemicals that increase its inflammatory response and contribute to psoriasis. While the relationship between stress and psoriasis is complicated and not yet fully understood, their connection is clear.
In addition to stress and anxiety being a preexisting cause of psoriasis, psoriasis can also contribute to stress, anxiety, and other mental health issues in a way that traps psoriasis patients in a vicious cycle. People who have psoriasis may be worried about their physical appearance, feel the need to cover up or disguise their psoriasis, and in severe cases may even withdraw socially, further contributing to stress and anxiety.
Other Potential Causes Of Psoriasis
In addition to stress and anxiety, psoriasis may have a variety of other causes. Because psoriasis is an autoimmune disease, it can be triggered by the body's reaction to a perceived attack. White blood cells may attack skin cells when they erroneously believe them to be a threat to the body, causing redness, irritation, and flaking that is characteristic of psoriasis. Psoriasis can also be triggered by a real infection when the body goes into overdrive to protect itself.
Psoriasis may also be partially caused by genetics. While very few people are genetically predetermined to contract psoriasis, a small percentage of the population may inherit the condition from their parents.
Finally, psoriasis can be caused by environmental conditions. Alcohol consumption can trigger a new bout of psoriasis, and excessive alcohol use may cause persistent psoriasis symptoms. Smoking and obesity are also often associated with psoriasis. Physical injury or irritation such as sunburn, cuts, scrapes, or shots may also contribute to psoriasis flares. Some medications may also trigger psoriasis, particularly high blood pressure medications, antimalarial medications, and lithium.
Other Symptoms Of Stress And Anxiety
If you think that stress and anxiety may be contributing to your psoriasis, it's a good idea to check and see whether or not you're experiencing any other common stress and anxiety symptoms. Physical symptoms may include muscle tension, soreness, pain, fatigue, and lethargy. Behavioral changes may include changes in appetite, changes in sleep patterns, insomnia, and loss of interest in normal activities. Mental and emotional symptoms of stress and anxiety may include excessive worrying, feelings of guilt, a sense of impending doom, anger, irritability, hopelessness, and more.
How To Treat Psoriasis
While there are many potential treatments for psoriasis, there is currently no known cure. Treatment usually focuses on symptoms, to reduce the presence of active psoriasis outbreaks to one to three percent of the surface of the body. Mild cases of psoriasis can usually be entirely treated, while in severe cases symptoms of psoriasis may persist throughout the body to a lesser extent.
Treatments may include topical treatments like ointments, creams, and moisturizers. A doctor can prescribe many of these treatments, while others are available over the counter. Phototherapy, during which the body is subjected to light therapy to slow the growth of skin cells involved in psoriasis. Other treatments include oral medication, vitamin A, and alternative treatments such as turmeric supplements, acupuncture, and meditation. Psoriasis may also be mitigated by lifestyle changes, including the treatment of stress and anxiety.
How To Treat Stress And Anxiety
If you're suffering from stress and anxiety, there are a variety of treatment options to consider. You should always consult with a medical professional to determine what the right solution for you is.
Lifestyle changes can often have a powerful effect on symptoms of stress and anxiety. Exercising regularly can release endorphins that flood the body with feel-good chemicals and work to fight feelings of worry and anxiety. Similarly, mindfulness and meditation can be another lifestyle change that promotes calm and wellbeing. Other healthy behaviors such as eating well, getting enough sleep, and avoiding smoking, drugs, and alcohol can go a long way toward promoting both physical and mental health.
When prescribed by a doctor, medication can be another great way to treat stress and anxiety. Medical professionals can prescribe medications that can reduce symptoms and promote health. Different medications often affect people differently, so it may take some time to work with your doctor to find a prescription that works well for you.
Therapy is another great treatment for mental health issues like stress and anxiety. Whether you're looking for professional help or just need a friendly ear, there are a variety of therapy services and techniques that can help you achieve happiness and health. Here at BetterHelp, we offer online therapy services to assist you in getting the help you need! Are you interested in learning more? Reach out to us today!