So What Exactly Is The Practice Of Mindfulness Therapy?

Updated November 8, 2022 by BetterHelp Editorial Team

Mindfulness is a recent approach to counseling that involves helping the patient to more carefully notice and consider their thoughts in order to improve their mental health.

It's fairly new, but that doesn't mean you shouldn't trust it. Mindfulness has its groundings in older philosophies and the work of some very well-known and renowned psychologists. We'll get to all of that later in the article.

First, where does the "mindful/mindfulness" mix-up come from?

"Mindful therapy" has been mentioned by Dr. Lorne Ladner in an educational video of the same title. In the video, Ladner talks about incorporating mindfulness into therapy practices - which is what mindfulness therapy is - and he calls it "mindfulness therapy" throughout the video.

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When Was The Last Time You Paid Attention To Your Thoughts?

Mindful Vs. Mindfulness

The second major use of the term "mindful therapy" is in the title of a 2011 book and later website by Dr. Thomas Bien. Similar to Lorne, Bien seems to use the terms "mindful" and "mindfulness" interchangeably, so his mindful therapy isn't different from mindfulness therapy. He is more heavily influenced by Buddhism than Lorne or most other psychologists, but that's not a practical problem. Buddhism and mindfulness therapy both draw heavily on meditation. The only potential conflict is that some people, especially people from other religious traditions, can be scared away from mindfulness and mindfulness therapy because they see meditation as a religious practice in potential conflict with their own beliefs. This is unfortunate because meditation is not a strictly religious practice and all religious practices have some form of meditation. We will return to the idea of mindfulness meditation later.

Saying "mindful therapy" instead of "mindfulness therapy" on occasion doesn't mean that Ladner and Bien are wrong or stupid or that you should ignore their works. There is room to argue the grammatical pedantic and semantics of how mindfulness therapy and mindful therapy may imply slightly different things but, as mentioned above, this field is fairly recent to psychology and mental health providers. The fact that there are two slightly different terms for it shouldn't scare us away from people who use a less common version of the phrase. If this article piques your interest in mindfulness therapy, please don't be afraid to look into the links provided above - as well as those provided below - for more information.

What Is Mindfulness Therapy?

Now that that is out of the way, we can back to the question of what mindfulness therapy is.

Mindfulness Therapy is a form of therapy that encourages the patient to monitor carefully - and, if necessary, correct - their thoughts. Mindfulness therapy draws on the concepts of the larger idea of mindfulness, which we'll talk about in greater detail soon. While mindfulness is based on older traditions, the roots of mindfulness principles in therapy go back to the works of Dr. Aaron Beck, the last of the great Humanistic Psychologists who did most of his work before mindfulness was going mainstream.

Aaron Beck and Therapy

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Aaron Beck grew up in the influence of humanistic psychology but would later become a founder of cognitive psychology, which is very similar to mindfulness therapy. Humanistic therapy arose in the mid-twentieth century as a response to the more deterministic approaches of earlier popular psychologists like Freud and Pavlov.

Beck believes that people suffer unnecessary emotional distress and challenges because they tend to focus on themselves as the root of their past problems. Instead, Beck encouraged his patients to look at themselves as agents in a larger system with lots of room for error rather than the sole cause. Cognitive Psychology, in general, can be seen as a sort of "metapsychology" that believes that how we think is one of the greatest determinants of how we feel. Some critics believe that this prevents patients or clients of cognitive psychology from recognizing the roles that they may play in their problems, such as self-destructive or aggressive behaviors. Proper balance can be found by working with a psychologist instead of going through it alone. Other aspects of mindfulness therapy, like techniques for correcting your unproductive or harmful thoughts, can be done without professional guidance, however.

The only problem with correcting one's thoughts is that one must first be aware of one's thoughts. This is more difficult for some of us than it may at first seem. It's also where mindfulness comes in.

What Is Mindfulness?

If you think about it, our minds never really shut off at any point during our life. Not while we read, listen to music, relax with our families, or even sleep. You may notice a rogue thought when it is particularly intrusive or even shocking but that kind of thing is happening behind our eyes and between our ears all the time — even when we feel like we are anxiety free.

Our brains deal with this in more or less the same ways that they deal with background noise: they kind of tune it out. This saves us energy by helping us to block out what some experts call "mind." However, it may also hurt us because what the monkey mind is saying behind our backs regarding our life is sometimes a problem. At least, according to Beck and other psychologists like Bien and Ladner.

To "calm the monkey mind," you need to be aware of what it's up to, and that's the specialty and spirit of mindfulness and particularly mindfulness meditation.

Mindfulness Meditation

Mindfulness and mindfulness meditation have their roots in Buddhism. The term "monkey mind" is an old Buddhist expression. Much of Buddhism and related religions and philosophies emphasize how we interoperate events in our lives and form relationships with those around us, including friends, family, and partners. 

This doesn't mean that mindfulness meditation requires you to be Buddhist or that practicing mindfulness meditation conflicts with other religious systems. Mindfulness and mindfulness meditation is about health and growth, and that means that mindfulness meditation is just as Buddhist as heart surgery is Christian or cataract surgery is Islamic.

How To Practice This

So how do you practice mindfulness meditation? Mindfulness meditation can be as unique as the practitioner, but this article, other online resources, a mindfulness therapist, or other teachers can help you get started so that you can make the process your own. You can also join a mindful therapy group or collaborative group to practice mindfulness with the accountability of others around you, who are also working to improve their wellbeing.

One way to go about it is to sit or lie down comfortably. If you want to cross your legs at the shins and keep your hands on your knees if you want, if you practice yoga, you might choose to meditate in the yoga pose called "shavasana" - lying on your bag with your arms at your sides and your palms up. Whatever you do, be sure that you are comfortable, especially if you plan on meditating for more than a few minutes. How you look isn't nearly as important as how you feel.

Once you are comfortable, close your eyes and try to clear your mind. You can do this by trying to think of nothing, but that's deceptively hard. Instead, try to focus on a mental image, repeating a word, or just on your breath.

Once you've chosen something to focus on, just see how much time goes by before another thought distracts you. Eventually, the idea for some people is to gradually increase the amount of time that you can keep a clear mind. Starting, however, the idea is just to get used to "intercepting" your thoughts.

When a thought distracts you as an individual, instead of scolding yourself, take a moment to recognize what the thought is before trying to clear your thoughts again. Repeat this process a couple of times to get an idea of what your monkey mind is up to. This process can last as long as you want, but most experts recommend around ten minutes per day. If you aren't used to meditating, you can start with as little as two or three minutes and work your way up. Some people also like longer meditation sessions, but it isn't a competition, it's about doing what's right for you.

At first, doing this activity at least once per day but ideally, every day can do a lot of good. If you keep it up, however, it will gradually become easier for you to intercept your thoughts while you aren't meditating, leading you to become the best possible version of yourself.

If you find that your monkey mind is usually saying things that you don't like, try correcting it with more positive and constructive thoughts. This can be hard at first but working with an instructor or therapist can help to guide you. Hopefully, one day, you will reprogram your monkey mind to be positive and constructive instead of distracting and depreciating.

BetterHelp Therapy Can Help

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When Was The Last Time You Paid Attention To Your Thoughts?

As discussed above, it's possible to practice these mindful actions on your own, with an instructor or even in a group. However, if you think that you could benefit from mindful support in the form of counseling, you will need to work with a specialized therapist.

Publishing educational articles and content, like this one, are just one of the services offered by BetterHelp. As an independent business in the mental health space, BetterHelp also matches clients with thousands of qualified and licensed online therapists for mindfulness services.  BetterHelp has therapists based all over the country — and world — so no matter if you live in Washington or Florida or anywhere in between, there's a therapist for you.

One of the best things about BetterHelp is that you can get help practicing mindfulness without having to go to a therapist’s office. You can schedule an appointment to contact a therapist via phone, email, text, or video chat on BetterHelp! A lot of people today enjoy talking with their therapist on the phone or video chat, as they can be in a comfortable environment. For more information, visit You can also email BetterHelp support for more information at

Below are commonly asked questions on this topic:

What is mindfulness in therapy?
What is the goal of mindfulness therapy?
Is mindfulness a therapeutic tool?
What is headspace therapy?
Is mindfulness a form of CBT?
What type of therapy is mindfulness?
What are the disadvantages of mindfulness?
What are the 3 qualities of mindfulness?
What is the difference between CBT and mindfulness?

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