Understanding Guilt By Association
By Joy Youell
Updated November 14, 2019
Reviewer Christy B.
Guilt by association, also known as the association fallacy, is officially defined as "guilt ascribed to someone not because of any evidence, but because of their association with an offender." More often than not, this term is used in a legal context, but sometimes it's used casually. As affirmed by Logically Fallacious, guilt by association can also be weaponized as an ad hominem. In this particular context, an individual can face criticism or backlash as a result of their likeness to an existing group or entity. Conversely, honor by association is the inverse of guilt by association. According to RationalWiki, it describes a situation where someone is lauded as a result of their affiliation with groups that are perceived in a positive light. In this article, we'll talk about these concepts and how they might affect your relationships.
Guilt By Association: Debates
Over the years, there have been many debates regarding the fairness of the association fallacy. Some people argue that guilt by association is completely fair, especially if we assume that people tend to surround themselves with people who are similar to them. However, arguments that oppose guilt by association affirm that only individuals are accountable for their actions. No matter which side of the debate resonates with you, Psychology Today advises choosing friends carefully because guilt by association can have life-impacting consequences.
All humans have the desire to belong. At some point, most people will likely join a group, class, or club where they can meet other like-minded people. If you're a member of an organization, it's important to consider the quality of the people in this group. For better or worse, humans are at least partially judged by the people they associate with.
You've probably heard at least one of the following phrases:
"Birds of a feather flock together."
"Show me your friends, and I'll show you who you are."
In essence, both of these quotes affirm that human beings tend to surround themselves with people who are similar to them. What does this mean for the idea of "guilt by association?" Different people have different perspectives. Many individuals apply and abide by the assumptions of the association fallacy, and there may even be legal ramifications to the friends we keep.
Guilt by Association: Legal Ramifications
The association fallacy is applicable in real life because it's a valid principle in the legal and criminal justice system. Although each case and situation varies according to the circumstances and the individuals involved, there are many scenarios where people can be (and have been) held accountable for the actions of their connections, even if they did not break the law.
The Responsible Corporate Officer Doctrine
Pullman & Comley LLC provides several examples of the legal ramifications of the association fallacy. One example involves a hospital administrator and his assistant. If the assistant willfully filed false claims with a Medicare program, the hospital administrator could face legal trouble, even if he is unaware of the assistant's crimes. Although many people will argue that this isn't fair, it is lawful.
As stated by the Responsible Corporate Officer Doctrine (RCOD), corporate officials are legally accountable for first-time misdemeanors (and even felonies) associated with their enterprise. The RCOD is even applicable in cases where the corporate office did not engage in purposeful or negligent conduct. Supporters of this doctrine have stated that corporate officials ought to exercise their authority to prevent the occurrence of legal breaches in their organization.
Whether people like it or not, federal law does permit guilt of association, so it's important to vet the people around you, especially employees and coworkers. This might include background checks, references, prior expertise, and other vetting measures. Depending on the corporation, some business owners may view employees as expendable, but under the right circumstances, the misconduct of an employee or an assistant can have devastating ramifications for higher-ups.
Accessory to A Crime
The association principle also applies in legal matters where individuals are convicted as accessories to previously committed crimes. According to an Indiana Fathers' Right Attorney, this is especially true in cases of robberies, drug crimes, and harboring criminals. However, unlike the RCOD, an accessory to a crime contributes to the commission of the unlawful act. In this case, claiming ignorance or good intentions does not always work as a legal defense.
For instance, imagine that Person A drives to a drug store with Person B, shoplifts, and returns to their car where their friend is waiting for them. If Person B then drives off with Person A in the car, he or she could be viewed as an accessory to Person A's robbery, whether Person B know about it or not. It's still quite a slippery slope that could go either way. For this reason, it's important to vet your friends and trust your instincts.
Furthermore, guilt by association applies in drug crimes. People who sell or deal drugs, stash drugs in their homes or cars, provide money for the purchase of drugs, or even help a drug offender hide from law enforcement open themselves up to being charged as accessories to a drug crime. If the accused accessory was truly unaware of the crime, they may be free of all charges. However, it may be difficult to prove their ignorance.
Guilt By Association: The Pitfalls Of Honor By Association
As previously stated, honor by association is the inverse to guilt by association (Fact Index). This philosophy is not without problems. The idea that an individual or entity is honorable or good due to their association with a particular group can be just as naive and problematic as guilt by association.
On the other hand, like attracts like. Most individuals, on average, tend to gravitate toward others who are similar to them. Many people have a desire to belong to and to be part of something bigger than themselves. For better or for worse, this is a common human behavior. It's important to separate the individual from the group in your daily interactions. You shouldn't assume something about someone simply because they belong to a group.
Guilt By Association: A Positive Alternative
Despite the flaws of the association fallacy, it is one way to analyze human conduct and will continue to play a role in our legal system. There may, however, be better ways to assess the people we encounter.
For example, consider judging individuals by the content of their character, an approach advocated by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The content of one's character involves their words, actions, and decisions. It also includes how they treat people and whether or not they have integrity. Although the company one keeps can often hint at someone's character, the association fallacy still leaves room for misunderstandings and erroneous conclusions.
How BetterHelp Can Help
Making and keeping friends is an important part of wellness. As we've seen in this article, our connections can impact us positively or negatively. If you find yourself associating with people who are not a positive influence, you may need to seek outside help. Working with a licensed mental health professional can help you to better understand and modify your habits. BetterHelp offers counseling in an online format that is highly convenient and affordable. Read below for some reviews of BetterHelp counselors from people experiencing similar issues.
"When I first contacted BetterHelp, my brain was like a hamster on a wheel. Ashley Santana helped me identify the problems with control and guilt that really had me stuck. She reassured me that some of my feelings were valid and even normal. I feel lighter, more comfortable, and confident now. I sincerely recommend this counseling to everyone."
"Victoria is wonderful. She is accepting and genuine, anything you need to tell her will be met with nothing but positivity. If you are struggling with something that you have shame or guilt about, Victoria will help you and you will not feel judged in anyway. She is a talented counselor with an open mind and a kind heart. You can trust her. Thank you For helping me Victoria. I am forever grateful."
A Final Word
Guilt by association can be problematic. If you associate with people who aren't trustworthy, you may regret it later. There may even be legal consequences. Similarly, it may be unfair to judge people by the company they keep. If you're struggling in this area, consider working with a counselor at Betterhelp. Take the first step now.