What Can The Persistence Of Memory Tell Us?
Updated December 11, 2018
Reviewer Wendy Boring-Bray, DBH, LPC
The Persistence of Memory is one of those paintings that is universally recognized regardless of who you are. Even if you may not be familiar with the name, you have more than likely seen the painting. In this post, we will dive into the history of the Persistence of Memory and explain the hidden meanings behind it.
What Is The Persistence Of Memory?
The Persistence of Memory is a painting by Salvador Dali, created in 1931. The painting depicts a surreal landscape, where melting clocks are everywhere. Some people may think of the painting as just being called "Melting Clocks," but that's not the case. The Persistence of memory was revealed in 1932 at the Julien Levy Gallery and then was moved to the Museum of Modern Art in NYC, where it has resided ever since. An anonymous source in 1934 donated it. The painting is one of the more popular paintings of the 21st century.
There is another version of this painting as well. In 1954, Dali remade the painting with another version, called The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory. In this painting, it depicts the melting clocks, while breaking them down into fragments. The painting is filled with rectangular blocks, almost creating a 3D effect, and between the gaps of the blocks, you can see more clocks. It's almost like Dali is saying that there's something hidden behind the surface of the original painting. The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory is found in the Dali Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida.
Dali also did sculptures of the Persistence of Memory as well. You may recognize the original painting, but you may not have realized just how many variations of the painting there are.
It should be noted that the painting is quite small in size. If you look at it in a museum, you may notice that it's the size of a piece of notebook paper. It's not like some paintings that are large. This makes it even more impressive due to the lack of space that Dali had to work with.
Now, let's break down the symbolism of the painting, starting with the melting clocks. They are in the form of watches. What does it mean when the clocks are melting? Does it mean that time just melts away, and flies by faster than we would think?
There are a few theories on what the clocks mean. These include:
- How space and time work. During the time of the painting, our understanding of the world was changing. There were fewer assumptions that the universe was fixed and structured, and more evidence of the chaos that makes up our world. The soft watches seem to symbolize that. According to the interpretation this has, it seems to be looking at Einstein's theory of relativity.
- How much technology has changed in Dali's lifetime? Dali was born in 1904. During his lifetime, he saw the rise of the automobile, movie theaters, radio, advanced warfare, and the list goes on. It does make sense that Dali would depict the changing technology as a clock that keeps melting. He blinked, and there would be something new.
- Some say the melting of the clocks was inspired by cheese Dali saw melting. Instead of cheese, he turned it into clocks, and that's been the story ever since.
- In the bottom left, you'll notice an orange clock covered with black dots. Those black dots are ants. In Dali's paintings, he would use ants as a way to show decay. Perhaps Dali was showing how time breaks down. This also shows imagery we may find in a dream, such as bugs.
- There are three melting clocks. Why is that? Some may say that it symbolizes the past, the present, and the future. How you observe them can change over time, thus the meeting. The pocket watch could be how time objectively is, but with all the ants over its objectivity is a decaying thing.
One of the watches is melting over a white object. At first, it appears to be a meaningless lump. However, upon closer examination, you may notice that it almost looks like a face. Especially if you look at it sideways. You can see the eyelashes of a closed eye, a nose, and other abstract shapes. This creature is used in a lot of Dali's paintings, and it's his self-portrait if you will. The creature almost looks like it's fading, and you could look at it in many ways, including:
· The meaningless form you find in a dream. You may see it as something you cannot grasp. The creature itself's closed eye seems to symbolize the state of a dream.
· The face could be the dreamer itself, and the clocks can be how time seems meaningless when you're in a dream. You may look at a dream as something where time just keeps passing, or you may look at in a complete standstill.
· The face may look like an embryo for some, and you may look at it as birth itself. With the clock over it, it symbolizes how there is no sense of time when you're an embryo.
· It could be symbolizing metamorphosis. The face, along with the melting clocks, could be talking about a change one is going through. Many of us will go through transformations in our life, and the odd melting sensation of the painting can symbolize the awkward transition between two stages. We all have been through it, and it's how we handle a metamorphosis that tells us a lot about us.
Now, let's look at the landscape itself. Branches, rocks, and other landmarks make this painting quite pretty in nature. If you look to the right, you will see some craggy rocks. These are a part of a peninsula known as the Cap de Creus, which is located in the northeastern part of California. Dali's locations inspire these landscapes. Also, the shadow that looms over everything could be a mountain. Or, it could also be the sun passing by, symbolizing the passage of time.
The ground appears to be sand. You may think of this as a filler, but you can look at it as the sands of time if you will. The sand that trickles down in an hourglass is quite symbolic of the passage of time.
Far away, you may notice a white object on the ground. It's near the shore, and it can be hard to notice unless someone points it out to you. For some people, that object is an egg. The egg can be a symbol of life, and like the egg, it can persist. The egg is a hard object as well, and Dali loved hard and soft objects.
One of the clocks is hanging by a branch. The branch is broken, and some may say that it's an olive tree. The olive tree is seen as a symbol of wisdom, but with it broken, it brings forth the decline of what we view as ancient wisdom. Also, a branch is peaceful, and a broken branch could be a symbol of wartime. During the 1930s, the political climate was nothing but war, so it makes sense why Dali would include this.
Finally, there is an ocean nearby as well. This ocean can symbolize timelessness. Many things in our life change, but some things are universal, such as the ocean.
It's All Up To Interpretation
There are many theories as to what the painting can mean. With any good piece of art, you can enjoy it on its own, or make your interpretation as to what the painting could mean.
No matter what you do, the Persistence of Time is a painting that can explain a lot about the state of the world. In your life, time does seem to melt. You're a child, and then you blink, and you're working in some job. Time is valuable, abstract, and it can be subjective for everyone.
Regardless of your interpretation of the painting, The Persistence of Time has been a persistent painting for a good reason. It's gorgeous, and a person could interpret a lot from it. What is your interpretation of the painting? What is your opinion on the concept of time? This painting could raise these questions the more you look at it.
If you are having trouble with managing time, don't waste it. Your time can melt away before you know it, just like the clocks in The Persistence of Time. If you want to learn how to manage the time you do have, talk to a therapist. A therapist can set you some goals based on your mentality and allow you to get to work. If you believe that your goals can be met, talk to a therapist today and get to planning.