What is art therapy, and what are its benefits? When we think of art therapy, many of us recall images of young children in a room with a therapist drawing their feelings. But the benefits of art therapy don’t necessarily stop when childhood ends. Art therapy for adults can be an effective tool used alone or in conjunction with other treatments for a variety of mental health challenges, including anxiety.
Some artists say that part of the reason they create is that it gives them an emotional outlet in their daily lives. While almost all of us draw or create artwork in some way as children, many of us cease to do so as we grow older. Art therapy for anxiety can be a useful tool for self-expression, especially when talk therapy is difficult. It can be conducted in person and online.
Art Therapy And Anxiety?
As defined by the American Psychological Association, art therapy is “the use of artistic activities, such as painting and clay modeling, in psychotherapy and rehabilitation.” A qualified art therapist may mix art therapy and more traditional methods through the course of treatment to provide their clients with optimal opportunities for self-expression.
During art therapy, the individual’s ability, or the final image that is created is not important. What is important is that art gives the individual a safe space to express their emotions.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is often characterized by "persistent and excessive worry about a number of different things," according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA). GAD generally runs on a spectrum according to the severity of the anxiety symptoms.
People living with GAD may find their worry incredibly hard to control, so much so that their everyday lives can become challenging. They may also have challenges maintaining both personal and professional relationships.
Other Anxiety Disorders
In addition to generalized anxiety disorder, there are several other types of anxiety, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and phobia-related disorders.
People with anxiety can have multiple anxiety diagnoses, such as GAD and OCD, for example. Because mental health issues often cluster together, individuals may also experience other disorders, such as substance use disorders or depressive episodes, prior to diagnosis.
Art Therapy For Anxiety Disorder
One possible use for art therapy is in treating Generalized Anxiety Disorder and helping to manage anxiety symptoms overall. What does an art therapist do? According to the American Art Therapy Association, art therapists use “active art-making, creative process, applied psychological theory, and human experience within a psychotherapeutic relationship” in order to “enrich the lives of individuals, families, and communities.” Art therapists normally believe art therapy can reduce anxiety symptoms by allowing patients to reach their emotions more easily than traditional talk therapy. They often believe art therapy can be one way for people living with GAD to express the intensity of this worry when words are not enough. Using a different sense of the body to express nuanced emotion can help the message come through more clearly.
Anxiety art therapy is usually not about the technical component of making art. No skill is necessarily required, and visual arts demonstrate a mostly subjective quality in any case. Creating art is a common human experience. All that may be required is that the client creates. Feelings often naturally fall into the art through no direct intention by the artist.
To see if art therapy could influence anxiety reduction, researchers studied its efficacy in treating adult women with anxiety disorders like GAD and panic disorder. Through a randomized control trial study, participants completed online assessments. After creating art, they reported more positive self-evaluation. Post-treatment results also showed a reduction in physical symptoms of anxiety, such as elevated heart rate.
Art Therapy For Other Mental Health Challenges
Art therapy may be useful tool for treatment across a variety of mental health conditions, not just for reducing anxiety symptoms. A meta-study observed art therapy's treatment effects on anxiety disorder and depression. Of the seven different papers cited in the meta-study, four reported post-treatment anxiety symptom reduction as well as reduction of severe depression symptoms.
Potential Benefits Of Art Therapy For Anxiety
Supplements And Complements Verbal Expression
Some people experiencing anxiety and depression may also be introverted. Introverts may feel less comfortable opening up, especially if they are still in the early stages of forming a relationship with their therapist. Anxiety art therapy can be a way for clients to express how they are feeling at a given moment without having to articulate it in words.
Improves Physical Health
A study published in the Journal of Korean Medical Science examined the effects of mindfulness-based art therapy conducted on patients that have both Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and anxiety and depression. Researchers found that a significant number of patients participating in the study reported reduced feelings of depression and anxiety, reduced body mass index, and significantly reduced blood pressure due to the therapy.
Interrupts Cycles Of Rumination
Ruminating about past events or sources of worry can be one of the major contributing factors to Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Rumination can be thought of as a repeated cycle of thinking about a single instance or memory in your life. The cycle can be hard to break; if it is broken, it may easily return.
Anxiety art therapy can engage other senses that require the mind to turn its attention away from the cycle of rumination and toward the present. By engaging the mind to visualize and create something with the hands, it may be less able to devote energy to the thought or memory on which the mind is ruminating.
Provides A Direction For Dialogue
Sometimes talk therapy alone can be difficult between client and therapist if the client has a hard time determining exactly what they are feeling. Clients may feel uncomfortable opening up completely in a verbal way. Or they may want to verbalize how they're feeling, but have difficulty putting their thoughts and emotions into words.
By engaging in anxiety art therapy, a client can express themselves using a different means of communication. Through their art, a therapist may find launching points to explore more deeply that they may not have been able to identify with a more traditional form of therapy.
Eases Nervous Clients
Someone experiencing anxiety may already feel very apprehensive about talking to a therapist in the first place. Getting them to walk through the door or even make eye contact can be tough for some people who are particularly anxious.
Anxiety art therapy can be one way to make a difficult situation a little more tolerable. It can create an opportunity for a client to focus their attention on the task at hand and less on the uncomfortable position they find themselves in.
At the same time, therapists can use anxiety art therapy to initiate a conversation with a client that may have otherwise taken much longer to begin. This can give them a jumpstart on the road to progress.
Centers Your Mind And Focuses Thoughts
According to a study published in the American Journal of Public Health, there is evidence that engagement with artistic activities, either as an observer of the creative efforts of others or as an initiator of one's creative efforts, can enhance one's moods, emotions, and other psychological states as well as have a salient impact on important physiological parameters." Many who use coloring books or clay modeling can attest to the feeling of flow that these practices create. In addition, recent research adds to the growing body of evidence of the benefits of the arts for enhancing well-being.
People with anxiety may also experience a restless mind, which can leave one feeling off-balance and uneasy. Engagement in anxiety art therapy, exercises, no matter if it's through a simple drawing or art activities that are more complex, may reduce these negative feelings and introduce relative calm during a therapeutic session.
Can Be Integrated With Other Therapies
Anxiety art therapy is a form of integrative mental health, which means that it can easily be integrated with other therapeutic approaches, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, and interpersonal therapy.
When used in conjunction with other modes of therapy, both therapy types can complement each other and serve as a propellent forward when a tough crossroads is encountered.
How Online Therapy Can Help
If you’re experiencing severe anxiety, it can be difficult to reach out for help, especially in person. Symptoms of anxiety can make it hard to speak to someone new, and even leaving the house to travel to a therapy setting can be challenging. Online therapy may offer a more comfortable alternative for people with anxiety. With this type of therapy, you may chat with a therapist online and get professional help without leaving home.
Online art therapy can be an effective form of anxiety treatment. As a recent study demonstrated, art therapy can be successfully adapted to the telehealth format.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can art therapy for older adults help with anxiety?
Studies indicate art therapy may be a treatment approach for some anxiety disorders. It is often used in conjunction with other types of therapy.
Can art therapy help with social anxiety?
Art therapy may help with social anxiety, but more research may be needed on this topic.
Is art therapy good for mental illness?
Art therapy may be an effective treatment approach for various mental health disorders (primarily anxiety), but more rigorous studies may be needed to establish this, including controlling for differences in treatment group outcomes.
What exercises help anxiety?
Many forms of exercise can decrease anxiety severity, including running, yoga, weightlifting, walking, and hiking.
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