16 Examples Of Catharsis Psychology
By: Ashley Brown
Updated March 24, 2020
Medically Reviewed By: Tanya Harell
A string of unfortunate events or a traumatic experience can cause a feeling of turmoil that builds and builds. Eventually, you get to the point where you feel like there's so much emotion bottled up inside that you're about to explode. When that happens, catharsis psychology can be extremely helpful. Read on to learn about the definition of catharsis psychology and sixteen ways to make it work for you.
What Is Catharsis in Psychology?
You've probably heard the word "catharsis," but perhaps you don't know exactly what it means. In fact, it comes from the Greek word "katharsis," which refers to purification or cleansing. When used by modern psychologists, catharsis means discharging negative emotions to relieve intense anxiety, stress, anger, or fear.
In recent years, catharsis psychology has been adapted a bit to become more modern. Psychoanalysis still focuses on getting over negative events and feelings, but not necessarily in a cathartic way. However, a catharsis can still be a great outlet for people who are having trouble with stress, anger, and their emotions, and many people have relied on it to successfully release these feelings.
Examples of Catharsis Psychology
There are many ways to discharge emotions. The following examples are broad categories that include thousands of specific ways to achieve an emotional catharsis.
1. Music: Throughout history, music has been used to help people deal with emotions. Music is in itself an emotional experience. When you feel sad and listen to a sad song, you may feel better. It brings catharsis as it releases those sad feelings and clears the way for more positive emotions.
2. Punching Bag: There was a time when parents of children with anger issues were advised to buy their children a punching bag. In theory, children would achieve catharsis and their anger would go away if the child released their anger by hitting the punching bag. Scientists are still researching this, but it may be a good idea for adults instead.
3. Psychodrama: Psychodrama is a type of therapy in which participants act out troubling events from their past. As the person in question becomes involved in the scene of their past hurt, they may relive the feelings they overlooked back then, finally experiencing them fully and letting them out.
4. Art: Creating art can have a cathartic effect, too. Every art medium has the power to help both amateur and professional artists release emotions. One person may spatter paint on a canvas, flinging away their anger as they do. Another might draw heavy black slashes with a charcoal pencil.
5. Primal Therapy: In primal therapy, the goal is to release the person's earliest childhood suffering. The therapist may instruct the patient to express the feelings they've been hiding all of these years by directing their anger toward an imaginary parent sitting in an empty chair.
6. Reliving Traumatic Events: In therapy or on your own, you may reach a point when you relive a past event. For example, it can happen automatically when you're forced to return to the scene of a trauma. As you're confronted with the details of an environment where you once felt threatened, you can now experience those feelings freely, knowing that the threat is in the past.
7. Writing: Writing can be highly therapeutic. Many psychologists and mental health programs encourage journaling for this very reason. Whether you're writing directly about your experiences in a journal or creating poetry to express those emotions through poetic words and images, the release is the same.
8. Reading Literature and Watching Films: Writing and acting can provide catharsis, but so can experiencing the results of those creative endeavors. When you read a well-written book, you may find that the author expresses a familiar feeling so clearly that it brings up feelings you thought you had long been buried. The same can be true of a well-acted movie.
9. Volunteering: Sometimes, when someone has a horrible experience, they deal with it by volunteering to help others. Of course, this also involves community activism, which can provide catharsis as well.
10. Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic method, and much of his work centered on bringing about catharsis in order to promote psychological healing. Now, psychoanalysts use catharsis, but only as the first step in helping clients understand themselves, so they can make better decisions.
11. Psychodynamic Therapy: A psychodynamic therapist encourages their patient to talk about past experiences and emotions. The goal is to go deeper than the person usually does in their everyday life, so they can deal with the root problems of their present difficulties.
12. Emotion-Focused Therapy: Emotion-focused therapy is often used to help couples improve their relationships. It works by allowing patients to develop emotional intelligence. This happens as the two people re-experience past hurts, put them into perspective, and find new ways to respond to them.
13. Rituals: Throughout human history, people have used rituals to deal with mental and emotional problems. This can happen individually, or it can happen in groups.
14. Humor: Humor helps people release their emotions, often in a raucous burst of laughter. This is something that's easy to do because you can watch TV or a movie, talk to someone, or do a number of other things to get a good laugh.
15. Confession: Telling your life story with all of your secret thoughts, actions, and experiences can release emotions you vaguely knew were there. This may also be true in religious ceremonies, even though the main goal isn't emotional release.
16. Exercise: Although catharsis is an emotional release, it brings about many changes in the body as well. The cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal systems are all affected as pent-up emotions are released. Some people find that they can achieve catharsis by exercising or doing something physically demanding that promotes the same types of physical changes.
Is there anything else I can do?
There are psychologists out there who understand that simply talking about a problem may not lead to a catharsis. Furthermore, if someone has done something to upset you, it may be most beneficial to tell them if you want to resolve your feelings.
Alternatively, you can deal with thoughts and memories by giving them time. Eventually, some memories fade and become less painful, so you may no longer feel upset.
If you feel like you're often overwhelmed and it gives you anxiety, you may need to endure it for a while, so you can become stronger. When you get used to pressure and discomfort, even if it's just in your head, it can make things easier the next time you experience similar feelings. Of course, if none of these techniques help, talking to a counselor can make a big difference.
A catharsis can be helpful, but it also comes with risks. This is especially true when you're dealing with a lot of anger. If you've been through trauma or ongoing abuse, it's often best to talk to a therapist who can help you deal with your emotions safely. Once you've released your bottled-up emotions, you can develop new ways of dealing with the present.
You can talk to a licensed therapist at BetterHelp any time you need to address your mental health concerns. You'll be matched with a counselor who is well-suited to helping you discover the source of your difficulties, so you can deal with them in a way that works better for you. Keep reading for a couple reviews from qualified therapists who have helped others in similar situations.
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In psychology, emotional catharsis is a special area of study for therapists who seek to help others overcome emotional repression, anxiety, depression, and fear. With the right therapist, you can face your past, release emotions, and learn new ways to think about your memories. It's never too late to address a problem-take the first step today.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is an example of catharsis?
The term catharsis is related to the release and discharge of pent up emotions that have been keeping you from experiencing your best life. According to catharsis theory, someone who experiences a spontaneous release of negative emotion in direct response to a stimulus like music or psychotherapy is experiencing a catharsis.
Why do we need catharsis?
Catharsis theory and social psychology tell us that we need to experience a defined catharsis in order to release pent up frustrations. Catharsis is the process of spontaneously releasing stored negative emotions in response to a stimulating event like seeing a relatable movie, hearing a sad love song, or talking about your childhood in psychotherapy.
What is the concept of catharsis?
Related to general and social psychology, the concept of catharsis in catharsis theory is that the release of stored negative emotions has a positive healing effect on our minds and bodies as they occur. The process of cathartic therapy guides mental health clients through a type of catharsis that allows the release of negative emotions through psychotherapy.
What is Aristotle theory of catharsis?
According to the Aristotle catharsis theory, the meaning of catharsis is negative and not used in the same capacity as in the field of psychology and psychology theory. Psychology theory uses cathartic therapy to elicit relief and positive emotional responses for people suffering from chronic issues related to stored memories.
What does catharsis feel like?
Catharsis in psychology theory involves the sudden release of heavy emotions and baggage that may have been weighing you down for quite some time. According to the theory of catharsis in social psychology, catharsis is the physical lightening of the body that makes you feel a virtual weight has been lifted off your shoulders. This is often the image that comes to mind when we think of the meaning of catharsis.
Is crying cathartic?
According to psychology theory and catharsis theory, crying is therapeutic. In psychology theory crying is often related to a release of stored negative emotions which is the definition of catharsis in catharsis theory. This is likely why most of us feel better after having a good cry.
Does catharsis work to reduce aggression?
According to psychology theory and catharsis theory, the release of emotions that happens during a true catharsis can work to reduce aggression. In catharsis theory, the pent up emotions themselves are said to be the cause of many negative behaviors -- including aggression. It stands to reason in psychology theory, that reduced emotion will lead to reduced aggression.