When Anxiety Is More Than A Worry Synonym
Updated February 16, 2020
Reviewer Avia James
Feelings of unease are often grouped together, and words like "worry," and "anxiety," are usedinterchangeably. Despite the similarity of these words, there is a major difference between everyday worry and true uncontrollable anxiety. If you are wondering if your feelings are a cause for concern, keep the following in mind.
What Is Worry?
To understand true anxiety, it is important to first talk about worry. Many people define worry in different ways depending on how they experience the emotion. The Merriam-Webster definition of worry is, "to afflict with mental distress or agitation: make anxious."
The problem with this definition is that it is a bit misleading. Although it describes the state of worry as a type of mental distress and uses "anxious" as a synonym for worry, worry itself is not a form of mental illness or necessarily a bad thing.
Everyone worries from time to time. It is a natural response to uncomfortable situations in our lives. Just about anyone you ask will be able to describe a time when they felt worried about something. They will also have an idea of when their feelings of worry resolved.
Most of our worries are short-lived. However, a more serious form of worry is often referred to as "anxiety." This is just one of the many synonyms for worry we hear. However, uncontrollable anxiety is a much different state of mind than general worry, and the two have little in common.
What Is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a term we use to describe excessive worry. When it comes to mental health, it is often used as a term for a condition called Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). GAD is a serious condition and requires treatment from mental health professionals to control symptoms.
An individual is diagnosed with GAD when they display symptoms of uncontrollable, excessive worry for greater than six consecutive months. They will display a range of physical, emotional, and mental symptoms including the following:
- Feeling on edge
- Irrational or unrealistic concerns
- Muscle pain
- Body tension
- Difficulty concentrating
- Poor memory
- Stomach pain
- Trouble sleeping
- Shaking or trembling
- Rapid heart rate
- Fast startle response
In some cases, anxiety is a symptom of a greater mental health concern. GAD is just one of many forms of anxiety that can affect people. Other forms of anxiety include:
In this condition, symptoms of anxiety only occur during, or when thinking about social situations. Individuals may fear what others think of them or become nervous at the thought of initiating interactions with others. Those with social anxiety find it difficult, or in some cases impossible, to leave their home or take part in daily routines like school and work.
Panic disorder is a severe form of anxiety. It consists of unexpected and extreme bouts of anxiety called panic attacks. While the attacks only last a few minutes, they include severe symptoms like chest pain, pounding heart, tingling in the body, and feelings of unreality. Panic attacks can cause individuals to feel as if they are dying or going crazy.
In some cases, anxiety only occurs during specific situations. Extreme fear responses to people, places, or things are called "phobias." Common phobias include heights, spiders, airplanes, and doctors. It is important to note that, while most of these elements make many people feel uneasy, specific phobias are only diagnosed and treated when the fear response is severe and distressing to the individual.
When It Might Be More Than Your Average Worry
For people without a background in mental health, it can be a challenge to tell the difference between worry and anxiety (in any form). Periods of intense worry can easily mimic anxiety disorders. However, there are a few red flags you can look for to find out if it's time to seek professional health.
You Can't Turn It Off
In most cases of typical worry, a healthy individual can notice their concern and come up with clear plans to resolve the issue. In the case of anxiety disorder, however,the individual has minimal to no control over his feelings. If it feels like you can't turn off the endless stream of thoughts entering your brain, no matter how much or how hard you try to reason with yourself, consider speaking withyour doctor about it.
It Happens No Matter What
Most of the time, normal feelings of worry are linked to a specific cause. For example, after hearing your company is downsizing, you would naturally be concerned about the future of your career. In the case of an anxiety disorder, there is often no single reason behind the worry.
Feelings of worry take over every aspect of your life. The focus of your worry can change from day to day or even multiple times throughout the day. If your thoughts seem to rapidly change from money, career, health, safety, finances, and everything else in between, it might be time to speak to a professional.
Your Concern Is Irrational
Most average worries stem from things that could happen. For example, a couple planning a beautiful outdoor wedding may worry about a rainy weather on their special day. In the case of anxiety disorders, the worry is often irrational. The hint of any unusual body sensation may signal illness or death. An unexpected bill may raise intense thoughts of financial ruin.
In some cases, the fear response is extremely exaggerated, and an individual may be unable to put their finger on exactly what might go wrong. They may simply be left with vague thoughts of catastrophe. If what you fear is very unlikely to happen, but you can't escape the thought, reach out for help.
You Feel It In Your Body
While typical thoughts of worry can affect the body, they are usually short-lived. The night before a big presentation you mayn ot sleep well, or you may feel your heart beat a little faster as you walk on a plane. But, for people with anxiety disorders, physical symptoms do not go unnoticed.
Many patients report feeling a choking sensation, a pounding heartbeat, physical pains, and light-headedness or tightness in the chest frequently. Despite consulting with doctors, there is often no medical cause for the symptoms. If you can't shake off an uncomfortable feeling in your body, even though a doctor has given you a clean bill of health, you may want to look into mental health treatment options.
Your Health Is Getting Affected
Everyday worries typically will not have much of an effect on long-term health. While there might be a brief change in your energy levels and quality of sleep, or even a slight increase in heart rate, the body generally returns to normal once the stressor resolves.
However, anxiety disorders can wreak havoc on physical health. Unresolved mental health conditions can increase heart rate and blood pressure and disrupt sleep cycles long-term. Many studies suggest that other chronic health issues including gastrointestinal disorders, heart disease, and poor immune function are also related to anxiety disorders.
You Predict It
While it is normal to get nervous in certain situations, individuals who deal with average amounts of worry can easily find ways to accommodate their feelings. For example, an executive may find it helpful to manage his nervousness before a major presentation by creating note cards to practice the content.
However, those with anxiety disorders, specifically social anxiety and phobias, generally only experience severe symptoms when exposed to a situation, person, or idea that makes them nervous (or when the likelihood of the encountering that thing is high).
If symptoms of anxiety are not distressing to you day-to-day, yet your entire emotional health is upended at the thought of a specific trigger, it might be wise to speak with a mental health professional who can help you determine the cause.
You Can't Remember Not Feeling Worried
Because most typical cases of worry do not last long, individuals can usually easily recall the last time they felt calm. However, an anxiety disorder might be suspected if feelings of unease last six months or longer. If you have a hard time remembering the last time you felt at peace or cannot imagine what it will take for you to feel better soon, it is time to reach out to a mental healthprofessional.
You're In Fear
Most one-off cases of worry, while uncomfortable, generally do not cause intense feelings of fear. However, anxiety disorders, whether chronic forms like GAD or more erratic types like Panic Disorder, easily cause feelings of terror, hopelessness, and dread. If you find it hard to get through the day without these types of emotions, do not be afraid to reach out to your healthcare team immediately.
As you can see anxiety is not always just another word for worry. There are many differences between the two ideas. The good news is that there is help no matter which type of distress you are in. Licensed mental health professionals like those available through BetterHelp, can work with anyone, not just those diagnosed with a mental health disorder.
Worry is an uncomfortable feeling, and although most typical cases do not last long, it is still important to make sure you are taking care of your physical and mental health when they occur. If the cause of your chronic worrying is an underlying anxiety disorder, getting help quickly is key to managing your symptoms.